List of extinct volcanoes

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View of the extinct volcano Ashitakayama, woodblock print by Hiroshige

List of extinct volcanoes includes volcanoes which scientists consider unlikely to erupt again.[1] A volcano which has not erupted in the past 10,000 years is often listed as extinct.[2]

The extinct volcano no longer has a high silica or low silica lava supply. An extinct volcano is no longer near an active geologic hot spot, if it ever was.[3]

Edinburgh Castle in Scotland is located on a dolerite plug, the remnant of a volcano that went extinct many millions of years ago. [4]

Volcanologists sometimes can't tell whether a volcano is extinct or dormant. A caldera that has not produced an eruption in tens of thousands of years is likely to be considered inactive.[5] Sometimes a volcano that has been quiet that long surprises people by erupting.

There are many examples of extinct volcanoes.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. The plural of volcano can be either volcanos or volcanoes. Both are equally correct, and it is not a matter of British vs US spelling. Oxford English Dictionary. Spelling in any particular Simple page tries to be consistent.
  2. Ball, Jessica. "Voices: Dead or alive ... or neither? Why a dormant volcano is not a dead one," Earth Magazine (American Geosciences Institute). September 8, 2010; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  3. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, "Life-cycle of Hawaiian hot spot volcanoes"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  4. Edinburgh Geological Society, "Edinburgh’s Geology"; retrieved 2016-2-28.
  5. Some volcanologists have described to extinct volcanoes as "inactive". However, the term 'inactive' is now more used for dormant volcanos which were once thought to be extinct.
  6. Tarduno, John A. "Hotspots Unplugged," Scientific American. January 2009; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  7. "Geography of Lake Turkana". National Geographic.
  8. BBC, "On This Day, 11 January 1962: Thousands killed in Peru landslide"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  9. Kobayashi, K. "Origin of the Palau and Yap trench-arc systems," Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 157, Issue 7, p. 1306.
  10. City of Ballarat, "Mt Buninyong Scenic Reserve"; retrieved 2012-6-14.
  11. "New Giant Volcano Below Sea Is Largest in the World". 2013-09-06. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  12. "Waw an-Namus (al-Namous) Volcano". Retrieved 2018-09-06.