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List of heads of state of Sudan

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President of the Republic of the Sudan
رئيس جمهورية السودان
Incumbent
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

since 25 October 2021
ResidenceRepublican Palace, Khartoum
Formation17 November 1958
First holderFive-member Sovereignty Council (collective presidency)
Salary29,320 USD annually[1]
Websitewww.presidency.gov.sd/eng/

This article lists the heads of state of Sudan since the country's independence in 1956.

Background[change | change source]

Since independence was proclaimed on 1 January 1956, six individuals (and three multi-member sovereignty councils) have served as head of state of Sudan. Sudan was governed as a condominium by Egypt and the United Kingdom, under the name Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.

In November 1958, General Ibrahim Abboud led a military coup d'état, assuming the role of head of state as Chairman of the Supreme Council. Assuming the title of president in 1964, he resigned later that year due to general discontent around the rule of the military regime.

Abboud was replaced by a senior civil servant, Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa, who served as acting president for 18 days before transferring executive authority to a Committee of Sovereignty.

Titles of heads of state[change | change source]

Heads of state of Sudan (1956–present)[change | change source]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Republic of the Sudan (1956–1969)[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1 First Sovereignty Council
[a]
1 January 1956 17 November 1958
(deposed.)
2 years, 320 days Multipartisan
2 Ibrahim Abboud
(1900–1983)
17 November 1958 16 November 1964
(resigned.)
5 years, 365 days Military
3 Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa
(1919–2006)
[b]
16 November 1964 10 June 1965
(resigned.)
17 days National Umma Party
4 Second Sovereignty Council
[c]
[d]
3 December 1964 10 June 1965
(dissolved.)
189 days Multipartisan
5 Third Sovereignty Council
[e]
[f]
10 June 1965 25 May 1969
(dissolved.)
28 days Multipartisan
6 Ismail al-Azhari
(1900–1969)
[g]
10 June 1965 25 May 1969
(deposed.)
3 years, 321 days Democratic Unionist Party

Democratic Republic of the Sudan (1969–1985)[change | change source]

7 Gaafar Nimeiry
(1930–2009)
[h]
1971[i]
1977
1983
25 May 1969 6 April 1985
(deposed.)
15 years, 316 days Military /
Sudanese Socialist Union
8 Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab
(1934–2018)
6 April 1985 10 October 1985[2] 187 days Military

Republic of the Sudan (1985–present)[change | change source]

(8) Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab
(1934–2018)
10 October 1985[2] 6 May 1986[j] 208 days Military
9 Ahmed al-Mirghani
(1941–2008)
6 May 1986 30 June 1989
(deposed.)
3 years, 55 days Democratic Unionist Party
10 Omar al-Bashir
(born 1944)
1996
2000
2010
2015
16 October 1993 (Acting: 30 June 1989 – 16 October 1993) 11 April 2019
(deposed.)
25 years, 177 days Military /
National Congress Party
11 Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
(born 1960)
[k]
25 October 2021 (Acting: 11 April 2019 – 25 October 2021) Incumbent 2 years, 237 days Military /
National Congress Party
12 Fourth Sovereignty Council
[l]
[m]
20 August 2019 25 October 2021
(dissolved.)
2 years, 66 days Multipartisan
  1. Members: Abdel Fattah Muhammad al-Maghrabi, Muhammad Ahmad Yasin, Ahmad Muhammad Salih, Muhammad Othman al-Dardiri and Siricio Iro Wani.
  2. Co-leading with the Second Sudanese Council from 3 December 1964 — 10 June 1965.
  3. Members: Abdel Halim Muhammad, Tijani al-Mahi, Mubarak Shaddad, Ibrahim Yusuf Sulayman and Luigi Adwok Bong Gicomeho.
  4. Co-leading with Siri Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa.
  5. Members: Ismail al-Azhari, Abdullah al-Fadil al-Mahdi, Luigi Adwok Bong Gicomeho, Abdel Halim Muhammad and Khidr Hamad.
  6. Co-leading with Ismail al-Azhari.
  7. Co-leading with the Third Sovereignty Council.
  8. Briefly interrupted during the 19–22 July 1971 coup d'état.
  9. Presidency referendum.
  10. Handed over power to the civilian government after the 1986 parliamentary election.
  11. Co-leading along with the Fourth Sovereignty Council from 20 August 2019 — 25 October 2021.
  12. Members: Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, Malik Agar, Shams al-Din Khabbashi, Yasser al-Atta, Ibrahim Jabir Karim, Aisha Musa el-Said, Siddiq Tawer, Mohamed al-Faki, Hassan Sheikh Idris, Mohammed Hassan al-Ta'ishi and Raja Nicola.
  13. Co-leading with Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.

References[change | change source]

  1. "The highest and lowest paid African presidents - Business Daily". Business Daily. 27 December 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "UNDP-POGAR: Arab Countries". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.

Other websites[change | change source]