List of heads of state of Sudan
|President of the Republic of the Sudan
رئيس جمهورية السودان
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
de facto Head of State
since 25 October 2021
|Residence||Republican Palace, Khartoum|
|Formation||17 November 1958|
|First holder||Five-member Sovereignty Council (collective presidency)|
|Salary||29,320 USD annually|
This article lists the heads of state of Sudan since the country's independence in 1956.
Background[change | change source]
Since independence was proclaimed on 1 January 1956, six individuals (and three multi-member sovereignty councils) have served as head of state of Sudan. Sudan was governed as a condominium by Egypt and the United Kingdom, under the name Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
In November 1958, General Ibrahim Abboud led a military coup d'état, assuming the role of head of state as Chairman of the Supreme Council. Assuming the title of president in 1964, he resigned later that year due to general discontent around the rule of the military regime.
Abboud was replaced by a senior civil servant, Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa, who served as acting president for 18 days before transferring executive authority to a Committee of Sovereignty.
Heads of state of Sudan (1956–present)[change | change source]
(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)
Republic of the Sudan (1956–1969)[change | change source]
|Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|—||1 January 1956||17 November 1958
|2 years, 320 days||Multipartisan|
|—||17 November 1958||16 November 1964
|5 years, 365 days||Military|
|—||Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa
|—||16 November 1964||3 December 1964||17 days||National Umma Party|
|3||First Committee of Sovereignty
|—||3 December 1964||10 June 1965||189 days||Multipartisan|
|4||Second Committee of Sovereignty
|—||10 June 1965||8 July 1965||28 days||Multipartisan|
|—||8 July 1965||25 May 1969
|3 years, 321 days||Democratic Unionist Party|
Democratic Republic of the Sudan (1969–1985)[change | change source]
|25 May 1969||6 April 1985
|15 years, 316 days||Military / |
Sudanese Socialist Union
|7||Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab
|—||6 April 1985||10 October 1985||187 days||Military|
Republic of the Sudan (1985–present)[change | change source]
|(7)||Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab
|—||10 October 1985||6 May 1986[f]||208 days||Military|
|—||6 May 1986||30 June 1989
|3 years, 55 days||Democratic Unionist Party|
|30 June 1989||11 April 2019
|29 years, 285 days||Military / |
National Congress Party
|10||Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf
|—||11 April 2019||12 April 2019
|1 day||Military / |
National Congress Party
|11||Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
|—||12 April 2019||20 August 2019||130 days||Military|
|—||20 August 2019||25 October 2021
|2 years, 66 days||Multipartisan |
(FFC and TMC)
|(11)||Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
|—||25 October 2021||Incumbent||1 year, 226 days||Military|
- ↑ Members: Abdel Fattah Muhammad al-Maghrabi, Muhammad Ahmad Yasin, Ahmad Muhammad Salih, Muhammad Othman al-Dardiri and Siricio Iro Wani.
- ↑ Members: Abdel Halim Muhammad, Tijani al-Mahi, Mubarak Shaddad, Ibrahim Yusuf Sulayman and Luigi Adwok Bong Gicomeho.
- ↑ Members: Ismail al-Azhari, Abdullah al-Fadil al-Mahdi, Luigi Adwok Bong Gicomeho, Abdel Halim Muhammad and Khidr Hamad.
- ↑ Briefly interrupted during the 19–22 July 1971 coup d'état.
- ↑ Presidency referendum.
- ↑ Handed over power to the civilian government after the 1986 parliamentary election.
- ↑ Members: Chairman Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, Yasser al-Atta, Shams al-Din Khabbashi, Ibrahim Jabir Karim, Aisha Musa el-Said, Siddiq Tawer, Mohamed al-Faki, Hassan Sheikh Idris, Mohammed Hassan al-Ta'ishi and Raja Nicola.
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "The highest and lowest paid African presidents - Business Daily". Business Daily. 27 December 2020.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "UNDP-POGAR: Arab Countries". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27.
Other websites[change | change source]