Louis Zukofsky

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Louis Zukofsky
Louis Zukofsky
Louis Zukofsky
Born(1904-01-23)January 23, 1904
New York City, United States
DiedMay 12, 1978(1978-05-12) (aged 74)
Port Jefferson, New York, United States
OccupationPoet, professor
EducationColumbia University (BA, MA)

Louis Zukofsky (January 23, 1904 – May 12, 1978) was an American poet.

His Jewish parents moved to the United States from the part of the Russian Empire that is now Lithuania. His family spoke Yiddish. He was the first member of his family to be born in the United States, on the Lower East Side of New York City.[1]

His first experiences with literature came by reading and going to performances of Shakespeare, Henrik Ibsen, August Strindberg and Leo Tolstoy in the Yiddish language.[2]

At Columbia University he read new and experimental writing by James Joyce, T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound. He made a strong connection with Pound by writing letters to him. Pound asked Harriet Monroe to let 27-year-old Zukofsky be the guest editor of the February 1931 edition of Poetry magazine.[3] This edition printed poems by writers that Zukofsky called "Objectivists."[1][4]

Zukofsky's main work was a long, book-length poem called "A" (the title has the quotation marks). He worked on this from 1928 until 1974, four years before his death.[5]

Books[change | change source]

  • An "Objectivists" Anthology, ed. Louis Zukofsky (1932)
  • Anew (1946)
  • A Test of Poetry (1948)
  • "A" 1–12 (1959)
  • Bottom: on Shakespeare (1963)
  • All: The Collected Short Poems, 1923–1958 (1965)
  • All: The Collected Short Poems, 1956–1964 (1966)
  • "A" 13–21 (1969)
  • "A" 24 (1972)
  • "A" 22 & 23 (1975)
  • "A" (complete, 1978)

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "About Louis Zukofsky | Academy of American Poets". poets.org. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  2. "Louis Zukofsky". Poetry Foundation. 2023-01-15. Retrieved 2023-01-16.
  3. "February 1931 | Poetry Magazine". Poetry Foundation. 2023-01-24. Retrieved 2023-01-25.
  4. Heller, Michael (2013). "Zukofsky, Louis". Oxford Reference - The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry. Retrieved January 14, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "About Louis Zukofsky | Academy of American Poets". poets.org. Retrieved 2023-01-16.