History of the Louvre[change | change source]
Philip II of France built a castle called the Castle of the Louvre. It used to be where the museum is. They used the castle as a fortress to defend Paris against the Vikings. Charles V, King of France turned the castle into a palace. However, Francis I, King of France, knocked it down and built a new palace.
Henry IV, King of France added the Grande Galerie to the Louvre. The Grande Galerie is more than a quarter of a mile long and one hundred feet wide. The Grande Galerie was built along the River Seine. It was the longest building in the world.
The building was renovated during François Mitterand's time as French President. The glass pyramid and the inverted pyramid (made famous by The Da Vinci Code, a novel and later a movie) were the work of architect I.M. Pei.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Media related to Musée du Louvre at Wikimedia Commons
- Free photos of Louvre
- Fullscreen Virtual Tour by Virtualsweden Archived 2008-09-29 at the Wayback Machine
- History of the Louvre
- Excerpt of Michael T. Cannell's book on I.M. Pei — discusses controversy over Pei's pyramid.
- Official École du Louvre website Archived 2007-02-25 at the Wayback Machine (Requires Flash)