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MMR vaccine

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
MMR vaccine
Mumps measles rubella vaccine
Combination of
Measles vaccineVaccine
Mumps vaccineVaccine
Rubella vaccineVaccine
Clinical data
Trade namesM-M-R II, Priorix, Tresivac, Trimovax, others
SynonymsMPR vaccine[1]
AHFS/Drugs.comMultum Consumer Information
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
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The MMR vaccine is a vaccine against measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles).

The first dose is given to children around 9 to 15 months of age, with a second dose at 15 months to 6 years of age, with at least 4 weeks between the doses.[2][3] After two doses 97% of people are protected against measles, 88% against mumps, and at least 97% against rubella.[2]

The World Health Organisation sets a target of 95% needed to achieve and sustain measles elimination. In 2020/1 only 85.5% of five-year-olds in England were vaccinated.[4]

The vaccine is also recommended in those who do not have evidence of immunity,[2] and those with well controlled HIV/AIDS.[5][6] It is given by injection.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Grignolio, Andrea (2018). Vaccines: Are they Worth a Shot?. Springer. p. 2. ISBN 9783319681061.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "MMR Vaccination What You Should Know Measles, Mumps, Rubella". CDC. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  3. "Measles vaccines: WHO position paper – April 2017". Releve Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire. 92 (17): 205–27. 28 April 2017. PMID 28459148.
  4. "A Fresh Shot". Policy Exchange. Retrieved 2023-10-20.
  5. Kinney, Rebecca (2 May 2017). "Core Concepts - Immunizations in Adults - Basic HIV Primary Care - National HIV CurriculumImmunizations in Adults". www.hiv.uw.edu.
  6. Watson, JC; Hadler, SC; Dykewicz, CA; Reef, S; Phillips, L (22 May 1998). "Measles, mumps, and rubella--vaccine use and strategies for elimination of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome and control of mumps: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)". MMWR. Recommendations and Reports : Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports. 47 (RR-8): 1–57. PMID 9639369.