Madrid Symphony Orchestra

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Madrid Symphony Orchestra
OriginMadrid, Spain
Occupation(s)Symphony orchestra
Years active1903-present
MembersPrincipal Conductor
Jesús López Cobos
Associate Composer
Cristóbal Halffter
Emeritus Conductor
Kurt Sanderling
Past membersFounder
José del Hierro

The Madrid Symphony Orchestra (Spanish: Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid) is an orchestra based in Madrid, the capital of Spain. It was started in 1903.

The orchestra gave its first public concert under the conductor, Alonso Cordelás on 7 February 1904 at the Teatro Real. The next year Enrique Fernández Arbós became conductor of the orchestra, and he stayed with them for more than 30 years. The orchestra played a lot of Spanish music as well as music by composers from other European countries. Some very famous people such as Igor Stravinsky and Richard Strauss conducted the orchestra. The orchestra gave the first performances of famous pieces such as: Falla's Nights in the Gardens of Spain (1916) and Prokofiev's Second Violin Concerto (1935).

During the Spanish Civil War it was difficult to keep the concerts going. After the war, in June 1939, Arbós died and many of the musicians had gone into exile because of the rise of the dictator General Francisco Franco. The conductor Enrique Jordá kept the orchestra going until 1945 when the World War II ended.

From 1958 the orchestra often played for comic Spanish operas called zarzuelas. They often travelled through Spain and to Portugal and Latin America giving concerts..

In 1965 a new orchestra, the Orquesta Sinfónica de RTVE, was started. This made things difficult for the Madrid Symphony Orchestra. They had to spend a lot of time playing for the Teatro de la Zarzuela. In the 1970s they made a lot of recordings of zarzuelas and Spanish operas. The recordings were very good, but they did not have much time for orchestral concerts.

After Franco’s death the orchestra became the official orchestra for the Teatro de la Zarzuela. Later, when a new concert hall, the Auditorio Nacional de Música was opened, the orchestra had more opportunity to give orchestra concerts. In 1997, the Orchestra moved out of the Teatro de la Zarzuela and moved to the Teatro Real where they will stay at least until 2009. The orchestra now have an educational plan to help young children listen to music and encourage them to play instruments.

Today the orchestra is conducted by Jesús López Cobos.

Principal conductors[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]