Magdalena River

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Coordinates: 11°7′0″N 74°51′0″W / 11.116667°N 74.85°W / 11.116667; -74.85
Magdalena
River
Rio Magdalena Delta landsat.jpg
The delta of the Magdalena River
Name origin: Biblical figure Mary Magdalene
Country Colombia
Tributaries
 - left Páez River, Saldaña River, La Miel River, Nare River, Cauca River, San Jorge River
 - right Cabrera River, Bogotá River, Negro River, Carare River, Sogamoso River, Cesar River
Cities Neiva, Girardot, Honda, La Dorada, Puerto Boyacá, Puerto Berrío, Barrancabermeja, Santa Cruz de Mompox, Magangué, Barranquilla
Source La Magdalena lagoon [1]
 - location Colombian Massif, Colombia
 - elevation 3,685 m (12,090 ft)
 - coordinates 1°56′3″N 76°36′29″W / 1.93417°N 76.60806°W / 1.93417; -76.60806
Mouth Caribbean Sea
 - location Baranquilla, Colombia
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 11°7′0″N 74°51′0″W / 11.116667°N 74.85°W / 11.116667; -74.85
Length 1,528 km (949 mi) [2]
Basin 257,438 km² (99,397 sq mi)
Discharge for Calamar, Bolívar
 - average 7,200 /s (254,300 cu ft/s) [3]
 - max 12,000 /s (423,800 cu ft/s)
 - min 2,000 /s (70,600 cu ft/s)
Map of the Magdalena River watershed
Map of the Magdalena River watershed

The Magdalena River is the most important river in the western part of Colombia. It has a length of 1,538 kilometres (956 mi). Its course is from south to north. About 80 percent of the population of Colombia live on the banks of the river or one of its tributaries. Barranquilla, Colombia's biggest city, lies on the banks of the river. The river is navigable up to the city of Honda, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) upstream. At Honda, there are rapids. After these rapids, the river is navigable for another 240 kilometres (150 mi).

References[change | change source]

  1. Restrepo, J.; Kjerfve, B.; Hermelin, M.; Restrepo, J. (2006). "Factors controlling sediment yield in a major South American drainage basin: The Magdalena River, Colombia". Journal of Hydrology 316: 213–232. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.05.002.
  2. "Sistema de informacion Ambiental de Colombia - SIAC" (in Spanish). http://www.siac.gov.co/contenido/contenido_imprimir.aspx?conID=413&catID=320. Retrieved 2011-07-13.
  3. "Chapter 14" (PDF). The Pacific and Caribbean Rivers of Colombia: Water Discharge, Sediment Transport and Dissolved Loads. http://geotest.tamu.edu/userfiles/167/210.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-13.