Magic: The Gathering

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Magic: The Gathering is a CCG (Collectable Card Game). The game uses a fantasy world involving magic. Richard Garfield made the game in 1993.

The game is played by 2 or more people. Players attack each other causing them to lose life points. Each player starts at 20 life points. There are many kinds of cards that can be used to reduce another player's life. Players can attack another player with a creature or deal direct damage with a spell. You win the game by reducing your opponent's life to 0, when you opponent runs out of cards to draw or through a win condition determined by a card.

Magic: The Gathering is a trading card game. Players buy and trade cards, and build their own card decks. Decks must have at least 60 cards. Players can play in tournaments, and there are even professional Magic players. Most players of Magic: The Gathering simply call the game Magic. Some Magic cards cost a lot, because they are very good or very rare. The card Black Lotus is worth $27,302.

About 12,000,000 people in the world today play magic.

History[change | change source]

Richard Garfield started to make the game at University of Pennsylvania. In 1993 he showed the game to the game company Wizards of the Coast. The company liked the game, and started to produce it.[1]

The first cards were made in 1993. The cards are produced in groups of cards called "sets". The first sets were very successful, so more sets were made. About four sets are produced each year. Cards made before 2003 look different than newer cards, but are still compatible with the modern game in most cases.

Professional Magic began in 1996. Professionals play in tournaments around the world in the Magic: The Gathering Pro Tour. A player can win as much as $40,000 in one tournament.[2]

Magic: The Gathering Online (MTGO) was made in 2002. Magic players can now play their favorite game on the internet. A new MTGO was released in 2008.[3]

Generally more males play the game than females.[4]

Playing the Game[change | change source]

A game of Magic is played by two or more players. A player starts the game with twenty "life points". A player loses when he or she has zero or fewer life points. There are different ways to lose life points: players play "creature" cards and attack other players with them, or players play spells on other players. There are also other ways for players to lose: they have no cards in their deck, they have 10 "poison counters", or a card is played that says they lose.[5]

Players begin the game by shuffling their decks (mixing up their cards) and then taking up seven cards. Each card has a different power.[6] Players takes one new card at the start of each turn, but the first player does not take a card on their first turn. There are many steps in each turn. Certain cards can only be played in certain steps. A player can have no more than seven cards at the end of their turn. If they do, they must put cards into their "graveyard" (next to their deck) till they only have seven.

There are two basic kinds of cards: "spells" and "lands". Lands give its player "mana" (magical energy). Mana is used to cast spells. A player may only play one land each turn. More powerful spells take more mana to play. There are also different kinds of spells. "Sorceries" and "instants" are played, and go directly to the "graveyard" after their effects take place. "Permanents" stay in play after they are played, and their effects stay as well. "Creatures" are a special kind of permanent that can attack and damage other players.

TYPES OF CARDS

In a game there are three types of card instant ,sorcery and creature personally I suggest a creature based deck.

legendary creatures and planeswalkers are a totally different matter.[7]

Colours of "Magic"[change | change source]

Most spells are one of five colors: white, blue, black, red, and green. To play a spell, at least one mana that is the same color as the spell is needed. Players normally get this mana from "basic lands": "plains" for white, "island" for blue, "swamp" for black, "mountain" for red, and "forest" for green. Each color has strengths and weaknesses,[8] with white magic dealing in protection and defense, blue magic dealing with manipulation and thinking, black magic dealing in death and greed, red magic dealing in fire and emotion, and green magic dealing in strength and nature.

Artwork[change | change source]

Each card has a picture that gives an idea of the power of the card. Card sets are usually made along with stories, and the pictures on cards generally show actions, events or characters in the stories.[9]

Awards[change | change source]

Richard Garfield and Donato Giancola have also won personal awards for Magic.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Alpha, Beta, and Unlimited Editions". Wizards of the Coast. 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  2. Galvin, Chris (June 6, 2005). "The Magic Pro Tour Hall of Fame". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved September 30, 2006.
  3. "Magic Online III Launch Blog". Wizards of the Coast. April 16, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2009.
  4. "A Girl In The Gaming Store". Somethingawful.com. May 10, 2005. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  5. "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules" (PDF). The DCI. July 11, 2009. pp. 7–8. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  6. "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules" (PDF). The DCI. July 11, 2009. p. 7. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  7. "Magic: The Gathering Comprehensive Rules" (PDF). The DCI. July 11, 2009. pp. 35–40. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
  8. A series of articles written by Mark Rosewater describing each color in depth (as well as multicolor cards, artifact or colorless cards, and color-hybrid cards) can be found at the game's official site at MagicTheGathering.com: The Great White Way, True Blue, In the Black, Seeing Red, It's Not Easy Being Green, Just the Artifacts, Ma'am, and Midas Touch.
  9. Buehler, Randy (November 21, 2003). "Flight of Fancy". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved April 21, 2007.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 "Awards". Wizards of the Coast. 2006. Retrieved August 5, 2009.
  11. "Origins Award Winners (1993)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
  12. "Preisträger" (in German). Friedhelm Merz Verlag. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Origins Award Winners (1998)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
  14. "GAMES Hall of Fame". GAMES Magazine. Retrieved April 9, 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  15. "Origins Award Winners (2005)". Academy of Adventure Gaming Arts & Design. Archived from the original on May 7, 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
  16. Chalker, Dave. "Origins Awards 2009". critical-hits.com. Retrieved June 14, 2010.