Mao

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Mao
Municipality
Santa Cruz de Mao
Street in Mao
Street in Mao
Nickname(s): City of Beautiful Sunsets
Mao is located in Dominican Republic
Mao
Coordinates: 19°34′N 71°05′W / 19.567°N 71.083°W / 19.567; -71.083Coordinates: 19°34′N 71°05′W / 19.567°N 71.083°W / 19.567; -71.083
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Valverde
Founded 1875
Municipality since 1882
Municipal Districts Ámina, Jaibón (Pueblo Nuevo), Guatapanal
Area[1]
 • Total 116.3 km2 (44.9 sq mi)
 • Urban[2] 11.51 km2 (4.44 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 78 m (256 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 51,647
 • Density 444.08/km2 (1,150.2/sq mi)
 • Urban 49,714
Demonym(s) Maeño (female, maeña)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) AST (UTC-4)
Distance 60 km (37 mi) to Santiago
210 km (130 mi) to Santo Domingo

The Dominican city of Santa Cruz de Mao, or simply Mao, is the head municipality of the Valverde province, on the northwest of the country. It is the largest city of the Dominican northwest and the centre of the region.

Name[change | change source]

Its name, a Taíno word, comes from the Mao river, near the city. Its nickname is Ciudad de los Bellos Atardeceres ("City of the Beautiful Sunsets") because there are not mountains to the west of the city and it is common to see a "red" sky during sunsets; it is a very dry region and there are much dust in the air which gives the red color to the sky.

Population[change | change source]

The city had, in 2010, a total population of 51,647: 25,663 men and 25,984 women. The urban population was 9.5% of the total population.[1]

History[change | change source]

For most of its history, the region was called "El Despoblado"; that means a region without any population, because it is a very dry region and agriculture was not possible.

When the governor of the Spanish colony gave the order in 1606 that everybody living on the northern coast had to move inland, some people came to live around the present Mao. They had cows that were raised in hatos; "hato" means a large farm for raising cattle (a ranch). And so "hato" is the name of many places around Mao: Hatico, Hato del Yaque, Hato Nuevo, Hato Viejo, Hato del Medio.[4]

The town of Mao was built close to where the Mao river flows into the Yaque del Norte river. The first Catholic church was build in 1869.

Mao was made a Puesto Cantonal (an old category similar to the present Municipal District under a military government). In 1882, Mao was elevated to the category of municipality and in 1904 its official name was changed to "Valverde" after José Desiderio Valverde, past President of the Dominican Republic.[4] Because the name Mao was known by everybody and Valverde was a new name, people called the city as "Valverde (Mao)", and it is still common to say so.

When the province was created in 1959, Mao was made its head municipality and provincial capital.[4]

Geography[change | change source]

Mao has a total area of 116.3 km2 (45 sq mi), about 14.1% of the total area of the province of Valverde.[1] The city is an elevation of 78 m (256 ft),[3] and at 210 km (130 mi) to the northwest of Santo Domingo.

The municipality of Mao has the Santiago Rodríguez province to the west, the Santiago province to the south and east, the municipality of Laguna Salada to the northwest and the municipality of Esperanza to the northeast.

Climate[change | change source]

Mao has a tropical wet and dry/savanna climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: Aw) with a pronounced dry season in winter.

The average amount of rainfall for the year in the city is 699.6 mm (27.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 119.1 mm (4.7 in) of rainfall, followed by October with 81.9 mm (3.2 in).

The driest season is winter. The month with the least rainfall on average is January with an average of 21.6 mm (0.9 in) and the second is July with 27.3 mm (1.1 in).

Mao is in a hot region; the average temperature for the year is 27 °C (80.6 °F).

Climate data for San José de Ocoa (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
33.0
(91.4)
33.7
(92.7)
34.7
(94.5)
35.1
(95.2)
35.5
(95.9)
35.2
(95.4)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
30.1
(86.2)
33.03
(91.45)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
19.1
(66.4)
19.9
(67.8)
20.9
(69.6)
21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
21.9
(71.4)
20.7
(69.3)
19.2
(66.6)
21.13
(70.04)
Rainfall mm (inches) 21.6
(0.85)
34.4
(1.354)
38.5
(1.516)
71.4
(2.811)
119.1
(4.689)
72.0
(2.835)
27.3
(1.075)
42.9
(1.689)
75.3
(2.965)
81.9
(3.224)
74.9
(2.949)
40.3
(1.587)
699.6
(27.543)
Source: NOAA[5]
Weather chart for Mao
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
22
 
30
19
 
 
34
 
31
19
 
 
39
 
32
20
 
 
71
 
33
21
 
 
119
 
34
22
 
 
72
 
35
23
 
 
27
 
35
23
 
 
43
 
36
23
 
 
75
 
35
23
 
 
82
 
34
22
 
 
75
 
32
21
 
 
40
 
30
19
temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: [5]

Administrative division[change | change source]

The municipality of Mao has three municipal districts:[6]

Municipal districts of Mao
Code Municipal district Population
(2010)
270102 Ámina 8,270
270103 Jaibón (Pueblo Nuevo) 8,309
270104 Guatapanal 8,637

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity of the province is agriculture; the main products in the municipality are rice, bananas and plantain.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2010." (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. June 2012. http://censo2010.one.gob.do/volumenes_censo_2010/vol1.pdf. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  2. "Expansión Urbana de las ciudades capitales de R.D. 1988-2010. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. April 2015. p. 48. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=5645f. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 De la Fuente, Santiago (1976) (in Spanish). Geografía Dominicana. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Brea Tió, Héctor (1997) (in Spanish). Mao y su gente. Santo Domingo: Librería La Trinitaria.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Mao Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/TABLES/REG_IV/DR/00000028.TXT. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  6. "División Territorial 2015" (in Spanish) (PDF). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). October 2015. http://www.one.gob.do/Multimedia/Download?ObjId=6159. Retrieved 3 December 2016.


Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic Flag of the Dominican Republic
AzuaBaníBarahonaBonaoComendadorCotuíDajabónEl SeiboHato MayorHigüeyJimaníLa RomanaLa VegaMaoMocaMonte CristiMonte PlataNaguaNeibaPedernalesPuerto PlataSabanetaSalcedoSamanáSan CristóbalSan Francisco de MacorísSan José de OcoaSan Juan de la MaguanaSan Pedro de MacorísSantiago de los CaballerosSanto DomingoSanto Domingo Este