Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon

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Marie Gabrielle Éléonore
Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs
Marie-Éléonore Gabrielle de Bourbon-Condé.jpg
Marie Gabrielle Éléonore de Bourbon as an abbess by an unknown artist.
Born(1690-12-22)22 December 1690
Palace of Versailles, France
Died30 August 1760(1760-08-30) (aged 69)
Villejuif, Paris
SpouseNever married
Full name
Marie Anne Éléonore Gabrielle de Bourbon
FatherLouis, Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Condé
MotherLouise Françoise de Bourbon
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureMarie Gabrielle Éléonore's signature

Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon (Marie Anne Éléonore Gabrielle; 22 December 1690 – 30 August 1760) was a granddaughter of King Louis XIV and was a nun at the Abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs. Baptised with the names "Marie Anne Gabrielle Éléonore", she signed as Marie Gabrielle Éléonore (see right).

Background[change | change source]

Born at the Palace of Versailles the oldest daughter of Louis, Duke of Bourbon, Prince of Condé, Monsieur le duc and his wife Louise Françoise de Bourbon[1] As the result of her father, she had the rank of a Princess of the blood, which entitled her to the style of Her/Your Serene Highness. A younger sister of hers was The Princess of Conti. In her youth she was known by both Mademoiselle de Condé and Mademoiselle de Bourbon, being the oldest princess of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon, and a brother of hers acted as Prime Minister of France during the reign of Louis XV

Nun[change | change source]

On 6 May 1706 at the age of 16, she was made a nun at the Royal Abbey of Fontevraud in Anjou. She was later made the Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs in 1723 and was known as Madame de Bourbon. Saint-Antoine-des-Champs had been an abbey since the 13th century.

Later life[change | change source]

As the result of being a nun, Marie Gabrielle Éléonore never married and had no children as a result. She died in the Parisian suburb of Villejuif and was buried at the Abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs.

Titles and styles[change | change source]

References and notes[change | change source]

  1. the eldest illegitimate daughter of Louis XIV of France and Madame de Montespan
  2. As well as Mademoiselle de Condé

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Marie Gabrielle Éléonore de Bourbon at Wikimedia Commons