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Belarusian: Мазыр
Russian: Мозырь
Mazyr Montage (2017).jpg
Coat of arms of Mazyr
Mazyr is located in Belarus
Coordinates: 52°03′N 29°15′E / 52.050°N 29.250°E / 52.050; 29.250
Country Belarus
RegionGomel Region
 • Total44.1381 km2 (17.0418 sq mi)
160 m (520 ft)
 • Total112,348
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
Postal code
Area code(s)+375 2363
License plate3

Mazyr or Mozyr (Belarusian: Мазыр, pronounced [maˈzɨr]; Russian: Мозырь Mozyr [ˈmozɨrʲ], Polish: Mozyrz, Yiddish: מאזיר) is a city in the Gomel Region of Belarus on the Pripyat River. It is about 210 kilometres (130 miles) east of Pinsk and 100 kilometres (62 miles) northwest of Chernobyl. It is located at around 52°03′N 29°15′E / 52.050°N 29.250°E / 52.050; 29.250. The population is 111,770 (2004 estimate). The total urban area, including the town of Kalinkavichy across the river, has a population of 150,000. Mazyr is known as a center of oil refining, salt extraction, machine building, and food processing in Belarus. It is home to one of the largest oil refineries in Belarus. This refinery pumps out 18 million metric tons per year, and is served by a tram line. The Druzhba pipeline carries crude oil from Russia, splitting in two at Mazyr. One pipeline branch is directed into Poland and the other one to Ukraine.

Population[change | change source]

Year Total Population Jewish population % Jewish Notes
1897 8076 5631 69.73% Russian Census of 1897
1927 14300 ~6000 42% Soviet Census of 1927[2][not in the source given]
1939 17500 6307 36.04% Jewish population just before World War II[3]
1970 48000 4300 8.96% Soviet Census of 1970. The Jewish population fell due to Holocaust and migration to bigger cities as Minsk, Moscow and Leningrad after World War II [4][not in the source given]
1979 105882 3600 3.40% Soviet Census of 1979. The Jewish population fell due to the emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel and the United States[4]
1989 128000 3200 2.50% Soviet Census of 1989. The Jewish population fell due to the emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel and the United States[4]
1999 114000 565 0.50% The Jewish population fell due to the emigration of Soviet Jews to Israel and United States[4]
2004 111500 <500 0.45% [source?]

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Mazyr is twinned with:[5][6]

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. [1] Archived February 22, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
  2. site about Mozyr [2] Archived 2008-01-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Ghettos of Gomel district [3]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Jewish Heritage Research Group in Belarus.[4] Archived 2018-10-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Miasta Partnerskie Chojnic". (in Polish). Chojnice. Archived from the original on 2021-05-16. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  6. "Межрегиональные и шефские связи". (in Russian). Severodvinsk. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
  7. Дубавец Сяргей Іванавіч

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 52°03′N 29°16′E / 52.050°N 29.267°E / 52.050; 29.267