Messerschmitt Bf 109

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Me 109 off coast of Africa

The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a fighter aircraft usually called the Me 109. It was a German World War II aircraft

Made by Messerschmitt, it first flew in 1935, and was used by the Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War and throughout World War II. It was one of the first modern fighters of the time. It had an all-metal construction, a closed cockpit, and retractable landing gear. It was powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 aero engine.[1]

There were many variations designed for special purposes. Overall, the Me 109 was the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 airframes produced from 1936 up to April 1945.[2]

The design of the plane caused some problems on the ground, and with tale-off and landing. At least 10% of all Bf 109s were lost in takeoff and landing accidents, 1,500 of which occurred between 1939 and 1941.[3] A new fixed tailwheel helped correct the problem.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Green, William. 1980. Messerschmitt Bf 109: the Augsburg eagle: a documentary history. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7106-0005-4
  2. Nowarra, Heinz. 1993. Die Deutsche Luftrustung 1933–1945, Band 3: Flugzeugtypen Henschel-Messerschmitt. Koblenz, Germany: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-5467-9
  3. Boyne, Walter J. 1994. Clash of wings. New York: Simon & Schuster, p30. ISBN 0-684-83915-6