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The Swastika is a cross with its arms bent at right angles, in either left-facing or right-facing forms. It is a widely-used religious symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. In the 1920s, the swastika became a the symbol for the Nazi party in the Western world. It was used as the symbol of the Finnish Air Force until 1945.

Religious use[change | change source]

A wall painting of a Swastika

The Swastika is a sacred symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.[1] It is also a sign of spiritual purity. The swastika was a letter in the ancient Sanskrit language. It meant luck or well being.[1] It is also found on Byzantine buildings, Ancient Greek coinage and in Native American burial sites.[1] During the 20th century Adolf Hitler adopted the symbol for the Nazi Party.[2] From 1935 – 1945 it was used on the German flag.[2] The symbol became stigmatized because of its association with Nazi war crimes.[2] But it is still used as a religious sign.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Suresh Chandra, Encyclopaedia of Hindu Gods and Goddesses (New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 1998), p. 333
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Martha Cheung Pui Yiu; Lin Wusun, An Anthology of Chinese Discourse on Translation (Oxford; New York: Routledge, 2014), p. 202, n. 328

Other websites[change | change source]