Mexican Revolution

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The Mexican Revolution was brought on by a major armed struggle in Mexico that started in 1911 by an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero[1] against the long dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz.[2]

Mexican Revolution Collage.

Under his rule, power was concentrated in the hands of a select few, and the people had no power to express their opinions or to select their public officials.[3] Wealth was likewise concentrated in the hands of the few, and injustice was everywhere in the cities and the countryside alike[4]

The revolution was characterized by several socialist, liberal, anarchist, populist, and agrarian movements. Over time, it changed from a simple revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war.

There was less fighting after 1920, when Álvaro Obregón, the most important revolutionary leader who was still alive, became the president of Mexico.

References[change | change source]

  1. Joseph, Gilbert and Jürgen Buchenau. Mexico's Once and Future Revolution. Durham: Duke University Press 2013, 1
  2. Gentleman, Judith. "Mexico since 1910". Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, vol. 4, 15.
  3. Friedrich Katz, The Secret War in Mexico.
  4. Lieuwen, Edwin. Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Military. Westport: Greenwood Press 1981; reprint of University of New Mexico Press 1968