President of Mexico
|President of the|
United Mexican States
Presidente de los
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Seal of the Federal Government of Mexico
Mexican Presidential Standard
|Executive branch of the Mexican Government|
Office of the President of Mexico
|Residence||National Palace of Mexico|
|Seat||Mexico City, Mexico.|
|Appointer||Federal Electoral Tribunal|
|Term length||Six years (sexenio)|
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of Mexico|
|Inaugural holder||Guadalupe Victoria|
|Formation||October 10, 1824|
|Salary||MXN$108,570.92 per month, before taxes.|
|Website||Government of Mexico|
The President of Mexico (Spanish: Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Spanish: Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
Requirements[change | change source]
To be eligible to serve as president, Article 82 of the Constitution specifies that the following requirements must be met:
- Be a natural-born citizen of Mexico ("mexicano por nacimiento") able to exercise full citizenship rights, with at least one parent who is a natural-born citizen of Mexico.
- Be a resident of Mexico for at least twenty (20) years.
- Be thirty-five years of age or older at the time of the election.
- Be a resident of Mexico for the entire year prior to the election (although absences of 30 days or fewer are explicitly stated not to interrupt residency).
- Not be an official or minister of any church or religious denomination.
- Not be in active military service during the six months prior to the election.
- Not be a secretary of state or under-secretary of state, attorney general, governor of a State, or head of the government of Mexico City, unless "separated from the post" (resigned or been granted permanent leave of absence) at least six months prior to the election.
- Not have been president already, even in a provisional capacity (see Succession below).
Powers[change | change source]
The 1917 Constitution was influenced from the Constitution of the United States. It made it clear separation of powers while giving the president wider powers than his American counterpart. However, this has only recently become the case in practice.
Residence[change | change source]
The President's official residence and main workplace is Los Pinos, located inside the Bosque de Chapultepec (Chapultepec Park). The President has the right to use this residence for the six-year term of office.
Living former Presidents[change | change source]
There are six living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Miguel de la Madrid (1982–1988), on 1 April 2012.
January 17, 1922
Carlos Salinas de Gortari
April 3, 1948
December 27, 1951
July 2, 1942
August 18, 1962
Enrique Peña Nieto
July 20, 1966
References[change | change source]
- At an exchange rate of 17.95 pesos to one dollar, approximately $11,619 per month; the salary after taxes is listed as MXN$147,651.22 (US$11,391.99)."Portal de Obligaciones de Transparencia". 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- Article 80, Constitution of Mexico. "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF) (in Spanish). Cámara de Diputados. p. 55. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.