Pedro Lascuráin

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Pedro Lascuráin
Pedro Lascurain.jpg
Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
34th President of Mexico
In office
19 February 1913 (c. 45 minutes)
Preceded byFrancisco I. Madero
Succeeded byVictoriano Huerta
Personal details
Born(1856-05-08)8 May 1856
Mexico City
Died21 July 1952(1952-07-21) (aged 96)
Mexico City
NationalityMexican
Spouse(s)María Flores

Pedro José Domingo de la Calzada Manuel María Lascuráin Paredes (8 May 1856[1] – 21 July 1952) was a Mexican politician.

He served as the 34th President of Mexico. He served as president for less than one hour on February 19, 1913. It is the shortest presidency in the history of the world.[2] He had earlier served as Mexico's foreign minister for two terms and was the director of a small law school in Mexico City for sixteen years.

Early life[change | change source]

Lascuráin was born in Mexico City, Mexico.

Presidency[change | change source]

Before becoming president, Lascuráin was mayor of Mexico City. On 19 February 1913, General Victoriano Huerta overthrew President Madero. Lascuráin was one of the people who convinced Madero to resign the presidency while he was being held prisoner in the National Palace. He claimed that his life was in danger if he refused.

Under the Constitution of Mexico, the vice-president, the attorney general, the foreign minister and then the interior minister stood next in line to the presidency. As well as Madero, Huerta had overthrown Vice-President José María Pino Suárez and Attorney General Adolfo Valles Baca.[3]

Lascuráin, as foreign minister, assumed the presidency. Lascuráin was president for less than an hour; sources quote figures ranging from 15 to 56 minutes.[2] To date, Lascuráin's presidency is the shortest in history, even briefer than that of Venezuelan politician Diosdado Cabello in 2002.

Death[change | change source]

Lascuráin died in Mexico City from natural causes, aged 96 years old.

References[change | change source]

  1. Lascuráin, un presidente tan fugaz como medio partido de fútbol
  2. 2.0 2.1 Braddy, Haldeen (Autumn 1969). "Revolution: Agony South of the Border". Montana: The Magazine of Western History (Montana Historical Society) 19 (4): 32, 44. https://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.sfpl.org/stable/4517403. "Pedro Lascurain (Interim President for 28 minutes) became president for one day only, February 19, 1913". 
  3. Procurador General de la República

Other websites[change | change source]