Military Cross

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Military Cross
Military Cross
Awarded by United Kingdom and Commonwealth
TypeMilitary decoration
EligibilityBritish, (formerly) Commonwealth, and allied forces
Awarded for... gallantry during active operations against the enemy.[1]
StatusCurrently awarded
DescriptionSilver cross with straight arms, Royal Cypher in centre (obverse)
(reverse) plain
Established28 December 1914
First awarded1 January 1915 to Lieutenant G.F.H. Brooke, 16th Lancers (Staff Captain).[2]
Total awardedGeorge V: over 40,000
George VI: over 11,000
Elizabeth II: not published [3]
over 48,000
Order of Wear
Next (higher)Distinguished Service Cross [4]
Next (lower)Distinguished Flying Cross [4]
RelatedMilitary Medal

Ribbon of the Military Cross; without, with bar, and with two bars

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military award given to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces. Previously it was also awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

The MC is granted in recognition of "an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy on land to all members, of any rank in Our Armed Forces".[5] In 1979, the Queen approved a proposal that some awards, including the Military Cross, could be awarded posthumously.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. UK Defence FactSheet Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 28 June 2007.
  2. "No. 29024". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1914. pp. 7–9.
  3. Mussell, John W. (2014). Medal Yearbook 2014. Honiton, Devon: Token Publishing. ISBN 978-1-908-828-11-8.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "JSP 761 Honours and Awards in the Armed Forces" (PDF). p. 12A-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  5. "No. 56693". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 October 2002. p. 11146.
  6. P E Abbott and J M A Tamplin; British Gallantry Awards, 1981, Nimrod Dix and Co, ISBN 0-902633-74-0, p. xx.