- For the videogame, see Minesweeper (video game)
In Britain, naval leaders knew before World War I that sea mines were a threat to the nation's shipping. The real threat was not invasion, but blockade aided by mines. The fishing fleet's trawl gear suggested how to clear mines. Trawlers were used to keep the English Channel clear of mines. The Royal Navy used fishermen and their trawlers. They were supplied with mine gear, rifles, uniforms and pay as the first minesweepers.
Minesweeping made big advances during World War II. Combatant nations quickly adapted ships to the task of minesweeping. Both Allied and Axis countries made heavy use of minesweepers throughout the war. "Germany's minesweepers alone formed a massive proportion of its total strength, and are very much the unsung heroes of the Kriegsmarine". Naval mines remained a threat even after the war ended, and minesweeping crews were still active after VJ Day.
After the Second World War, allied countries worked on new classes of minesweepers. The United States Navy used special landing craft to sweep shallow harbors in and around North Korea. As of June 2012[update], the U.S. Navy had four minesweepers deployed to the Persian Gulf.
References[change | change source]
- "minesweeper". The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012. . http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780199891580.001.0001/acref-9780199891580-e-5170?rskey=RQ9uw5&result=1&q=minesweeper.
- Bacon, Sir Reginald (1919). The Dover patrol 1915-1917. Doran. pp. 146. https://play.google.com/store/books/details?id=ceBCAAAAIAAJ&rdid=book-ceBCAAAAIAAJ&rdot=1.
- Hawkins, Nigel (2003). The starvation blockades: naval blockades of WW1. U.S. Naval Institute Press. pp. 60–61. ) .
- Hattendorf, John B. (2007). The Oxford encyclopedia of maritime history. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press. . http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195130751.001.0001/acref-9780195130751-e-0543?rskey=BUX7jj&result=1&q=minesweeper.
- Dennis, Peter; Jeffrey Grey; Ewan Morris; Robin Prior; Jean Bou (2012). "Auxiliary Minesweepers". The Oxford companion to Australian military history. (2nd ed. ed.). South Melbourne, Vic.: Oxford University Press. . http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195517842.001.0001/acref-9780195517842-e-149?rskey=tP17bb&result=12&q=minesweeper.
- Williamson, Gordon (2012). Kriegsmarine coastal forces. Osprey Publishing. pp. 48. . http://books.google.com/books?id=CEvHjyugb3MC.
- Grant, Roderick M., ed. (January 1946). "Sweeping up sudden death". Popular Mechanics 85 (1): 28–34. .
- Jane's (1997). "Mine Countermeasures". Jane's War at Sea 1897-1997: 100 Years of Jane's Fighting Ships (100 ed.). HarperCollins. pp. 224. http://books.google.com/books?id=dkDkTc56w8MC. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- Dempewolff, Richard F. (February 1952). Grant, Roderick M.. ed. "Mother of the minesweepers". Popular Science (Hearst Magazines) 97 (2): 97–104. . http://books.google.com/books?id=8dwDAAAAMBAJ. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- Cavas, Christopher P. (March 15, 2012). "U.S. doubling minesweepers in Persian Gulf". NavyTimes. http://www.navytimes.com/news/2012/03/dn-us-doubling-minesweepers-in-persian-gulf-031512/. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
- "Four U.S. Navy minesweepers arrive in the Gulf". Reuters. 25 June 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/25/gulf-navy-mines-idUSL5E8HP1CQ20120625. Retrieved 15 October 2012.