Montreal

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Montreal
City
Montréal
From top to bottom, left to right: Downtown Montreal, Notre-Dame Basilica, Olympic Stadium, McGill University, Old Montreal featuring the Clock Tower and Jacques Cartier Bridge at the Fireworks Festival, Saint Joseph's Oratory
Flag of Montreal
Flag
Coat of arms of Montreal
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "MTL", "Quebec's Metropolis", "Jeremy Abudarham ", "The City of Festivals", "The City of Saints", "The Metropolis", "The City of a Hundred Steeples", "Sin City"[1][2][3][4]
Motto: Concordia Salus ("well-being through harmony")
Montreal is located in Canada
Montreal
Montreal
Montreal is located in Quebec
Montreal
Montreal
Location of Montreal in Canada
Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45.500°N 73.567°W / 45.500; -73.567Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45.500°N 73.567°W / 45.500; -73.567
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montreal
UA Urban agglomeration of Montreal
Founded May 17, 1642
Incorporated 1832
Constituted January 1, 2002
Boroughs
Government
 • Type Montreal City Council
 • Mayor Valérie Plante
 • Federal riding
 • Prov. riding
 • MPs
Area
 • City 431.50 km2 (166.60 sq mi)
 • Land 365.13 km2 (140.98 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,545.30 km2 (596.64 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)
Highest elevation 233 m (764 ft)
Lowest elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City 1,704,694
 • Density 3,889.8/km2 (10,075/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,519,595
 • Urban density 2,719.9/km2 (7,045/sq mi)
 • Metro 4,098,927 (2nd)
 • Metro density 890.2/km2 (2,306/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011–2016 Increase 2.9%
 • Dwellings 939,112
Demonym(s) Montrealer
Montréalais(e)[5]
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) H (except H7 for Laval)
Area code(s) 514 and 438
GDP US$ 155.9 billion[6]
GDP per capita US$38,867[6]
Website ville.montreal.qc.ca

Montreal (/ˌmʌntriˈɔːl/, spelled Montréal in French) is a city in the country of Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec and the second-largest city in Canada. It is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world after Paris.

Montreal is built on an island sitting in the Saint Lawrence River. More than three million people live in the Montreal region. At the center of Montreal is a mountain called Mount Royal.

Most of the people who live in Montreal speak French, but English is commonly spoken as well as a second language.

History[change | change source]

The name 'Montréal' comes from Mont Royal, which means 'Royal Mountain' in French.

Montreal has always played a very important part in the history and development of Canada. It continues to be a large Canadian industrial and commercial center, as well as a major sea port (via the Saint Lawrence River). It once was the largest city in Canada, before Toronto grew to be larger.

Tourists visit Montreal for its historical and cultural interest. One can visit the Old City in horse-drawn carriages, where many buildings from the earliest years stand and remind of the way of life that started in the New World, when Montreal was just a fur trading outpost belonging to France over 350 years ago.

Geography[change | change source]

Montreal is in the southwest of Quebec, 530 kilometres north of New York City. The city itself is located on an island, the Island of Montreal. Near the downtown area, there is a hill called Mount Royal (Mont Royal in French).

Economy[change | change source]

The stock exchange tower in downtown Montreal

Montreal's economy is the second largest in Canada. The city's port is the biggest inland port (a port that is not on the sea) in the world. Many large corporations have their main offices in Montreal. It also hosts many international organizations like ICAO, the World Anti-Doping Agency, and IATA. The city is home to four major Universities, welcoming students from all parts of Canada and from all over the world.
Montreal is also known for its cultural production sector. Because the city has many different buildings, movies are easy to film there. The circus troupe (group) Cirque du Soleil is from Montreal. The city is also known for its festivals, like the Montreal Jazz Festival and Just For Laughs.
Some video game companies also have studios in Montreal.

Culture[change | change source]

Downtown area seen from across the Saint Lawrence River

Montreal has many beautiful churches (Montreal is referred to locally as 'the city of a hundred churches'), including the largest church in Canada, and also many important art, history, and science museums. You can also visit the location of the 1967 World's Fair, where today, as well as many other attractions, one will find the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Formula One automobile race course. Also of interest is the site where the 1976 Summer Olympic Games were held, and the modern architecture of the Olympic stadium (the 'Big O') and its tall inclined observation tower (the highest inclined tower in the world); now a landmark of Montreal.

A lot of Montrealers are interested in hockey, and Montreal is home to its own ice hockey team called the Montreal Canadiens who play in the National Hockey League (NHL).

Other websites[change | change source]