Mycoplasma

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Mycoplasma
M. haemofelis IP2011.jpg
Mycoplasma haemofelis
Scientific classification
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Mycoplasma

Nowak 1929
Species

over 100 species

Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria. They do not have a cell wall around their cell membrane.[1] They are gram-negative, and need sterols such as cholesterol for growth. Many common antibiotics such as penicillin that target cell walls do not affect mycoplasma. Mycoplasma are the smallest bacterial cells yet discovered.[2] They are typically about 0.1  µm in diameter.

Many species are parasitic, pathogenic or saprophytic, and can survive without oxygen. In humans, M. genitalium causes urethritis, and M. pneumoniae is a common cause of pneumonia.

References[change | change source]

  1. Ryan K.J. & Ray C.G. (eds) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. pp. 409–12. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. Sweet, Richard L. & Gibbs, Ronald S. 2009. Infectious diseases of the female genital tract. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)