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Nagabhata I

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nagabhata I (730-760 CE) was a Rajput king of pratihara dynasty in gurjaradesa. He founded the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. He ruled the Avanti (or Malava) region in present-day Madhya Pradesh. Nagabhata was famously known for defeating the Arab army.[1] But was defeated by the Rashtrakuta king Dantidurga.

Early life[change | change source]

Nagabhata has been named as the founder of the powerful Pratihara dynasty in the Gwalior inscription. This inscription dates to the time of his descendant Mihira Bhoja. Nagabhata is said to have come to throne around 730 CE.

Military career[change | change source]

Arab invasion[change | change source]

According to the Gwalior inscription of his descendant Mihira Bhoja, Nagabhata fought against a Mlechchha invasion. These mlechchhas are identified to be Arab Muslim invaders. The invasion was led by officers of Junaid. Junaid was a general and governor of Sindh under the Umayyad caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik. Nagabhata succeeded in defeating the Arab army.

Rashtrakuta invasion[change | change source]

Nagabhata I appears to have been defeated by the Rashtrakuta ruler Dantidurga. According to the Rashtrakuta records, the ruler of Malava was among the kings defeated by Dantidurga.

References[change | change source]

  1. Wink, André (2002). Al-Hind : the making of the Indo-Islamic world ([3rd ed.]. ed.). Boston, MA: Brill. ISBN 978-0-391-04173-8.