Naples Plague

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The painting of the Naples Plague in 1656-58.

The Naples Plague is a plague epidemic that occurred in Italy from 1656 to 1658, which caused a devastating blow to the population of Naples.[1][2] The epidemic mainly affects the central and southern regions of Italy. Some researchers estimate that 1.25 million people died from the plague in the Kingdom of Naples in Italy, which is one of the deadliest epidemics in history.[1][3][4] In Naples alone, approximately 150,000 to 200,000 people died of disease in 1656, accounting for at least 50% of the city’s total population.[3][4][5][6] The plague epidemic has severely affected the economic and social structure of Naples and other disaster-stricken areas.[2][4][7]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Scasciamacchia, Silvia; Serrecchia, Luigina; Giangrossi, Luigi; Garofolo, Giuliano; Balestrucci, Antonio; Sammartino, Gilberto; Fasanella, Antonio (2012). "Plague Epidemic in the Kingdom of Naples, 1656–1658". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 18 (1): 186–188. doi:10.3201/eid1801.110597. PMC 3310102. PMID 22260781. Archived from the original on 2021-03-25. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Plague of 1656". il Cartastorie. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Plague visionaries: how Rembrandt, Titian and Caravaggio tackled pestilence". the Guardian. 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Alfani, Guido (2013-06-19). "Plague in seventeenth-century Europe and the decline of Italy: an epidemiological hypothesis". European Review of Economic History. 17 (4): 408–430. doi:10.1093/ereh/het013 – via Oxford Academic.
  5. Montanaro, Francesco (December 2010). L'epidemia di febbri putride del 1764 nel casale di Frattamaggiore da una cronaca coeva [The putrid fever (typhus) epidemic of 1764 in the hamlet of Frattamaggiore from a contemporary chronicle]. Raccolta Rassegna Storica dei Comuni (in Italian). Vol. 22 (Anno 2008). Istituto di Studi Atellani. p. 251. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  6. Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2017-11-21). World Epidemics: A Cultural Chronology of Disease from Prehistory to the Era of Zika, 2d ed. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-7124-6.
  7. Cohn JR, Samuel K (2008). "4 Epidemiology of the Black Death and Successive Waves of Plague". Medical History. Supplement (27): 74–100. ISSN 0950-5571. PMC 2630035. PMID 18575083.