Narcissistic personality disorder
Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder in which the person is obsessed with (spends a lot of time thinking about) themselves. They think they're better and more important than anyone else, and want to be treated as special. It is more common in men than women.
It is named for the fictional roman prince Narcissus, who was a powerful warrior, but was too busy thinking about himself to do anything. He demanded that a mirror always be present so he could stare at himself whenever he wanted.
In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, NPD is defined as habitual grandiosity, need for admiration and lack of empathy. The way of thinking and behavior must have begun by early adulthood and be present in a variety of contexts. At least five of these nine traits must be present:
- Very high self-importance (boasts and expects to be seen as superior).
- Often imagines being extremely successful, powerful, brilliant, beautiful or in love.
- Believes they are special and unique and that they should only be around other high-status people and institutions.
- Needs to be admired very frequently.
- Thinks they should be treated better than other people or that they should do what they (the person with NPD) want.
- Exploits people.
- Does not have empathy.
- Is envious of other people or thinks they are envious of him/her.
- Is arrogant.