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Nelumbo nucifera

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nelumbo nucifera

Nelumbo nucifera, also known as the Egyptian bean, sacred lotus, Indian lotus, or simply lotus, is a species of plant in the genus Nelumbo sometimes colloquially called a water lily. They float on the surface of the water.

Classification[change | change source]

The lotus is often confused with the true water lilies of the genus Nymphaea.

Botany[change | change source]

Flowers[change | change source]

The flowers are usually found on thick stems rising several centimeters above the leaves. Some cultivated varieties have extraordinary numbers of petals.

Seeds[change | change source]

A fertilized lotus flower bears fruit that contains a cluster of 10 to 30 seeds. Each seed is ovoid 1–2.5 cm wide by 1–1.5 cm long with a brownish coat.

Cultivation[change | change source]

Planting[change | change source]

Nelumbo nucifera seed head

These plants require a nutrient-rich and loamy soil. The first step is to plough the dry field. One round of manure is applied after ten days, just before flooding the field.

Harvest[change | change source]

Two to three months after planting, the stolon is now ready to harvest. It must be harvested before flowering.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sacred Lotus". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 May 2023.
  2. "5 lotus flower benefits and uses for skin & Hair to look upon".

Other websites[change | change source]

Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata: Q16528