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Nord-Pas-de-Calais is in red

Nord-Pas-de-Calais (sometimes also Nord-Pas de Calais) is the most northern region of France. Its prefecture is Lille. 4 million people live there (365,000 in the urban area of Lille).

Its two departments are from east to west: Nord and Pas-de-Calais.

The local economy used to be based on carbon, steel and textiles. The secondary sector (industry) employs 33.8% (of an 28.9% national average). Unemployment is at 12.9 per cent (9.8% national average). Structural investment in the TGV and the Channel Tunnel has shown some improvement though. The tourism industry does well thanks to the border with Belgium and closeness to England.