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William was Duke of Normandy, a country on the other side of the English Channel, now a region in France. He invaded England after the death of King Edward the Confessor because he believed he had the most right to be King of England, but King Harold II had himself crowned king instead. King Harold, with his Saxon army, and Duke William fought at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066. King Harold was killed in the battle and his army left. On December 25, 1066 William was crowned the new King of England.
The Norman conquest was an important change in English history. The conquest linked England more closely with Continental Europe, and made Scandinavian influence less important. It created one of the most powerful monarchies in Europe. The conquest changed the English language and culture, and set the stage for rivalry with France, which would continue (with a few breaks) until the 19th century.
England has never been successfully invaded since the Norman invasion nearly 1000 years ago.
Related pages[change | change source]
Other websites[change | change source]
- Essential Norman Conquest Archived 2007-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, multimedia resources by Osprey Publishing.
- The Effect of 1066 on the English Language
- Collection of source material on the Norman conquest of England