List of English monarchs

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This is a list of the Kings and Queens of the Kingdom of England from 924 until England and Scotland joined together in 1707. NOTE: Athelstan ruled the whole of England starting in 927 but his reign of the Anglo Saxons began in 924. Sometimes Alfred the Great is considered as the first king of England but only ruled parts of England.

First Monarchs (924-1016)[change | change source]

See also: List of monarchs of Wessex

Danish Monarchs (1013-1042)[change | change source]

House of Wessex (1042-1066)[change | change source]

Normans (1066-1154)[change | change source]

In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy invaded England. He defeated King Harold II and became King.

Plantagenets[change | change source]

Angevins[change | change source]

Early modern half-figure portrait of Edward III in royal garb.
Edward III as he was portrayed in the late 16th century.

Empress Matilda (1141) (disputed)

Henry II (1154–1189)

Richard I, the Lionheart (1189–1199)

John (1199–1216)

Henry III (1216–1272)

Edward I (1272–1307)

Edward II (1307–1327) (deposed, died 1327)

Edward III (1327–1377)

Richard II (1377–1399) (deposed, died 1400)

Lancastrians[change | change source]

Henry IV (1399–1413)

Henry V (1413–1422)

Henry VI (1422–1461 and 1470–1471)

Yorkists[change | change source]

Tudor Monarchs (1485-1603)[change | change source]

The Tudors were from Wales. In 1536, Wales became part of England. England had controlled Wales since 1284.

Stuarts Monarchs of England and Scotland (1603-1649)[change | change source]

The Stuarts were also Kings of Scotland, with which kingdom England was in personal, but not Legal union until 1707.

  • James I (1603–1625), also from 1567 King James VI of Scotland
  • Charles I (1625–1649), also King of Scotland

Interregnum (1649-1659/1660)[change | change source]

There was a civil war in England from 1642 until 1652. In 1649, King Charles I was executed and England became a Commonwealth. In 1653 Oliver Cromwell made himself Lord Protector and so England became a protectorate.[1] Cromwell died in 1658 and his son, Richard, became Lord Protector. In 1660 power was given back to the Monarchy.[2]

Stuart Monarchs (restored) of England and Scotland (1660-1714)[change | change source]

  • Charles II (1660–1685), also King of Scotland (backdated the start of his reign to 1649)
  • James II (1685–1688) (deposed, died 1701), also King James VII of Scotland
  • William III (1689–1702) and Mary II (1689–1694), as co-monarchs, also King and Queen of Scotland
  • Anne (1702–1714), though the English throne was replaced with that of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707

Related pages[change | change source]

  • In 1707, England and Scotland joined together. For Kings and Queens after 1707, see British monarchs.

References[change | change source]

  1. The Cromwellian Protectorate, ed. Barry Coward (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002), p. 7
  2. Jacob Abbott, History of King Charles II of England (Auckland: The Floating Press, 2014), p. 124