List of English monarchs

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This is a list of the Kings and Queens of the Kingdom of England from 924 until England and Scotland joined together in 1707.

First kings[change | change source]

See also: List of monarchs of Wessex

Danish Kings[change | change source]

House of Wessex Restoration[change | change source]

Normans[change | change source]

In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy invaded England. He defeated King Harold II and became King.

Plantagenets[change | change source]

Angevins[change | change source]

Early modern half-figure portrait of Edward III in royal garb.
Edward III as he was portrayed in the late 16th century.

Lancastrians[change | change source]

Yorkists[change | change source]

Tudors[change | change source]

The Tudors were from Wales. In 1536, Wales became part of England. England had controlled Wales since 1284.

Stuarts[change | change source]

The Stuarts were also Kings of Scotland, with which kingdom England was in personal, but not Legal union until 1707.

  • James I (1603–1625), also from 1567 King James VI of Scotland
  • Charles I (1625–1649), also King of Scotland

Interregnum[change | change source]

There was a civil war in England from 1642 until 1652. In 1649, King Charles I was executed and England became a Commonwealth. In 1653 Oliver Cromwell made himself Lord Protector and so England became a protectorate.[1] Cromwell died in 1658 and his son, Richard, became Lord Protector. In 1660 power was given back to the Monarchy.[2]

Stuarts (restored)[change | change source]

  • Charles II (1660–1685), also King of Scotland (backdated the start of his reign to 1649)
  • James II (1685–1688) (deposed, died 1701), also King James VII of Scotland
  • William III (1689–1702) and Mary II (1689–1694), as co-monarchs, also King and Queen of Scotland
  • Anne (1702–1714), though the English throne was replaced with that of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707

Related pages[change | change source]

  • In 1707, England and Scotland joined together. For Kings and Queens after 1707, see British monarchs.

References[change | change source]

  1. The Cromwellian Protectorate, ed. Barry Coward (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002), p. 7
  2. Jacob Abbott, History of King Charles II of England (Auckland: The Floating Press, 2014), p. 124