List of English monarchs

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This is a list of the Kings and Queens of the Kingdom of England from 924 until England and Scotland joined together in 1707.

First kings[change | edit source]

See also: List of monarchs of Wessex

Danish Kings[change | edit source]

House of Wessex Restoration[change | edit source]

Normans[change | edit source]

In 1066, William, Duke of Normandy invaded England. He defeated King Harold II and became King.

Plantagenets[change | edit source]

Angevins[change | edit source]

Early modern half-figure portrait of Edward III in royal garb.
Edward III as he was portrayed in the late 16th century.

Lancastrians[change | edit source]

Yorkists[change | edit source]

Tudors[change | edit source]

The Tudors were from Wales. In 1536, Wales became part of England. England had controlled Wales since 1284.

Stuarts[change | edit source]

The Stuarts were also Kings of Scotland, with which kingdom England was in personal, but not Legal union until 1707.

  • James I (1603–1625), also from 1567 King James VI of Scotland
  • Charles I (1625–1649), also King of Scotland

Interregnum[change | edit source]

There was a civil war in England from 1642 until 1652. In 1649, King Charles I was executed and England became a Commonwealth. In 1653 Oliver Cromwell made himself Lord Protector and so England became a Protectorate. Cromwell died in 1658 and his son, Richard, became Lord Protector. In 1660 power was given back to the Monarchy.

Stuarts (restored)[change | edit source]

  • Charles II (1660–1685), also King of Scotland (backdated the start of his reign to 1649)
  • James II (1685–1688) (deposed, died 1701), also King James VII of Scotland
  • William III (1689–1702) and Mary II (1689–1694), as co-monarchs, also King and Queen of Scotland
  • Anne (1702–1714), though the English throne was replaced with that of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707

In 1707, England and Scotland joined together. For Kings and Queens after 1707, see British monarchs.