North Sikkim district

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North Sikkim is a district of the Indian state of Sikkim. The district headquarters is Mangan. It is the seventh least populous district in the country (out of 640).[1]

Geography[change | change source]

Wildflowers of North Sikkim
Flowering trees along stream valleys

The district is the largest of the four districts of Sikkim. Temperatures range from about 25° to below −40°. The cold temperatures are in the extreme high reaches where the altitude is in excess of 6,000 metres. Kanchenjanga is the highest peak at over 8,000 m. The mountain is on the western border with Nepal. It can be seen clearly from the town of Singhik.

Part of Khangchendzonga National Park is in the district.[2]

Economy[change | change source]

Mangan is known as the Cardamom Capital of the world. The climate and terrain best suit the growing of the larger variety of Cardamom here. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named North Sikkim one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is the only district in Sikkim currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Demographics[change | change source]

According to the 2011 census North Sikkim district has a population of 43,354,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Liechtenstein.[4] This gives it a ranking of 634th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 10 inhabitants per square kilometre (26/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5.66%.[1] North Sikkim has a sex ratio of 769 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 77.39%.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. O'Neill, Alexander (2017-03-29). "Sikkim claims India’s first mixed-criteria UNESCO World Heritage Site". Current Science 112 (5): 893–994. http://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/112/05/0893.pdf. Retrieved 2017-05-11. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. 212 Liechtenstein 35,236 July 2011 est.The district was under the occupation of the Nepalese for 30 years in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Other websites[change | change source]