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Nyctixalus spinosus

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Nyctixalus spinosus
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Rhacophoridae
Genus: Nyctixalus
N. spinosus
Binomial name
Nyctixalus spinosus
(Taylor, 1920)
  • Hazelia spinosa Taylor, 1920
  • Rhacophorus (Philautus) spinosus Ahl, 1931
  • Rhacophorus leprosus spinosus Wolf, 1936
  • Philautus spinosus Inger, 1954
  • Hazelia spinosa Liem, 1970
  • Edwardtayloria spinosa Marx, 1975
  • Nyctixalus spinosus Dubois, 1981
  • Theloderma (Nyctixalus) spinosum Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015
  • Nyctixalus spinosus Sivongxay, Davankham, Phimmachak, Phoumixay, and Stuart, 2016

The spiny Indonesian tree frog (Nyctixalus spinosus) is a frog. It lives in the Philippines. People have seen it between 300 and 1430 meters above sea level.[2][3][1]

The adult frog is 30 to 37 mm long from nose to rear end. It is red-brown in color with small white bumps on it and yellow and orange spots. There is some webbed skin on the feet. It has disks on its toes for climbing. The disks on the front feet are larger than the disks on the back feet. The frog's belly and sides are orange-yellow in color.[3]

This frog lives in forests and in places near forests that humans have changed. The frog lives on the ground in the dead leaves on the ground. The female frog lays eggs in bits of water high up in the trees. The water is in holes in the trees.[1]

Scientists believe this frog is not in danger of dying out because it lives in such a large place, but they believe people cutting down its forests may harm it. People cut down the forests to make small farms, large palm oil farms, and to collect wood to make charcoal.[1]


[change | change source]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2020). "Spiny Indonesian Treefrog: Nyctixalus spinosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T26156A176743176. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T26156A176743176.en. Retrieved February 29, 2024.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Frost, Darrel R. "Nyctixalus spinosus (Taylor, 1920)". Amphibian Species of the World, an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York. Retrieved February 29, 2024.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Christine Isabel Javier (September 15, 2010). Kellie Whittaker; Michelle S. Koo (eds.). "Nyctixalus spinosus (Taylor, 1920)". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved February 29, 2024.