|Aeshna juncea hovering over a pond.|
The Odonata are an order of flying insects, the dragonflies and damselflies. Like most of the flying insects (flies, beetles, Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera), they evolved in the early Mesozoic era.[source?]Their prototypes, the giant dragonflies of the Carboniferous are no longer put in the Odonata. They are now called Protodonata or Meganisoptera.
The two suborders are easily distinguished by their eyes:
- Dragonflies: they are Anisoptera (= eyes together & wings up or out at rest)
- Damselflies: they are Zygoptera (= eyes apart & wings along body at rest)
Description[change | change source]
These insects characteristically have large rounded heads covered mostly by big compound eyes, legs that catch prey (other insects) in flight, two pairs of long, transparent wings that move independently, and long abdomens. They have two ocelli (eye spots) and short antennae. The mouthparts are on the underside of the head and include simple chewing mandibles in the adult.