Olga Bogdanova

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Olga Bogdanova
Ольга Константиновна Богданова
Born29 June n.s. (11 July o.s.) 1896
DiedMarch 1982 (aged 85)
CitizenshipUSSR
AwardsOrder of the Red Banner of Labour 1953, 1967;

Medal “For Valorous Labour during the Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945”;
Medal “In Honor of the 800th Anniversary of the Founding of Moscow”;

Stalin Prize 1950
Scientific career
InstitutionsAcademy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, Institute of Organic Chemistry

Olga Konstantinovna Bogdanova (Russian: Ольга Константиновна Богда́нова; 29 June n.s., 1896 — March 1982) was a Soviet chemist, a specialist in organic catalysis.

Biography[change | change source]

In the 1920s Bogdanova worked in a laboratory at a synthetic rubber factory.

From the early 1930s she worked at the N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union (now: Russian Academy of Sciences). Bordanova was a student and, for many years, a colleague of Academicians N. D. Zelinsky and A. A. Balandin.

Main achievements[change | change source]

  • In 1941—1942 A. A. Balandin, O. K. Bogdanova, and A. P. Shcheglova developed and implemented at a synthetic rubber factory a method for producing a gas-resistant (polysulfide or thio) rubber, which was widely used in the production of a “self-tightening” – or, more accurately, “self-sealing” when struck by bullets – coating for aircraft fuel tanks.
  • In 1946—1952, a new method was developed for obtaining 1,3 butadiene from petroleum feedstock on chromium oxide catalysts, which found industrial application at synthetic rubber factories in Sterlitamak and Sumgait (O. K. Bogdanova and  A. P. Shcheglova)
  • In 1974—1981 O. K. Bogdanova and D. P. Belomestnykh developed a way to produce styrene (vinylbenzene) and its homologues through the oxidative decomposition of alkyl-benzene over a complex chromium oxide catalyst, which surpassed all known industrial catalysts used to decompose ethylbenzene.

Bogdanova held a Ph.D. in Chemistry, and she was a senior research associate.

She was buried in the Vagankovo Cemetery.

Awards and prizes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]