One World Trade Center

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One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center, the tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere
One World Trade Center is located in Lower Manhattan
One World Trade Center
Location within Lower Manhattan
One World Trade Center is located in Manhattan
One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center (Manhattan)
One World Trade Center is located in New York City
One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center (New York City)
Alternative names
  • 1 WTC
  • Freedom Tower (pre-2009)
Record height
Tallest in North America since 2013[I]
Preceded by Willis Tower
General information
Status Complete
  • Office
  • Observation
  • Communication
Architectural style Contemporary modern
Location 285 Fulton Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500Coordinates: 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500
Construction started April 27, 2006
Construction stopped May 10, 2013[4]
Topped-out May 10, 2013
Opened November 3, 2014[1]
May 29, 2015 (One World Observatory)[2]
Cost US$3.9 billiona[3]
Architectural 1,776 ft (541.3 m)[5]
Tip 1,792 ft (546.2 m)[5]
Roof 1,368 ft (417.0 m)[6]
Top floor 1,268 ft (386.5 m)[5]
Observatory 1,254 ft (382.2 m)[5]
Technical details
Floor count 104 (+5 below ground floors)[5][7]
Floor area 3,501,274 sq ft (325,279 m2)[5]
Lifts/elevators 73,[5] made by ThyssenKrupp.[8]
Design and construction
Developer Port Authority of New York and New Jersey[5]
Structural engineer WSP Cantor Seinuk
Other designers Hill International, The Louis Berger Group[10]
Main contractor Tishman Construction
a. April 2012 estimate.
b. Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.

The One World Trade Center (or Freedom Tower) is the main building of the new World Trade Center complex in Lower Manhattan, New York City. The building is 1,776 feet tall and is designed by David Childs of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Since late 2013, it is the tallest building in the United States. It opened in late 2014. It is mostly used for offices. People can view the city from an observatory near the top.

Height controversy[change | change source]

On November 8, 2013, architects in Chicago and New York City began debating about the height of the One World Trade Center and the Willis Tower. They were saying that there was a possibility that the Willis Tower is taller than the One World Trade Center.

On November 12, a committee agreed that the antenna on top is part of the building, so One World Trade Center is taller than the Willis Tower.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Smith, Aaron. "One World Trade Center, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, is open for business". CNN Money. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  2. "One World Trade Center Observatory Opens to Public". U.S. News. Retrieved March 30, 2017. 
  3. Brown, Eliot (January 30, 2012). "Tower Rises, And So Does Its Price Tag". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 16, 2015. 
  4. Stanglin, Doug (May 10, 2013). "Spire permanently installed on WTC tower". USA Today. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 "One World Trade Center – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. September 11, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2015. 
  6. "One World Trade Center to retake title of NYC's tallest building". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. April 29, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  7. "Office Leasing". One World Trade Center. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  8. "Elevating One World Trade Center". ThyssenKrupp Elevator. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  9. "One World Trade Center". Silverstein Properties. September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015. 
  10. "The Louis Berger Group and Hill International to Provide Program Management Services for Downtown Restoration Program and WTC Transportation Hub". Hill International, Inc. August 13, 2004. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  11. One World Trade Center at SkyscraperPage. Retrieved January 17, 2012.
  12. "One World Trade Center taller than Willis Tower". Retrieved November 12, 2013. 

Other websites[change | change source]