Orsk

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Orsk
Орск
View of the city, January 2020
View of the city, January 2020
Flag of Orsk
Coat of arms of Orsk
Location of Orsk
Orsk is located in Orenburg Oblast
Orsk
Orsk
Location of Orsk
Orsk is located in European Russia
Orsk
Orsk
Orsk (European Russia)
Orsk is located in Europe
Orsk
Orsk
Orsk (Europe)
Coordinates: 51°12′N 58°34′E / 51.200°N 58.567°E / 51.200; 58.567Coordinates: 51°12′N 58°34′E / 51.200°N 58.567°E / 51.200; 58.567
CountryRussia
Federal subjectOrenburg Oblast[1]
Founded1735
City status since1865
Government
 • BodyCity Duma
 • MayorAndrei Odintsov[2]
Area
 • Total621.33 km2 (239.90 sq mi)
Elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 • Total239,800
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
229,255 (−4.4%)
 • Rank80th in 2010
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toCity of Orsk[1]
 • Capital ofCity of Orsk[1]
 • Urban okrugOrsk Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofOrsk Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
4624xx
Dialing code(s)+7 3537
OKTMO ID53723000001
Websitewww.orsk-adm.ru

Orsk (Russian: Орск) is the second largest city in Orenburg Oblast, Russia. It is on the steppe about 100 kilometers (62 mi) southeast of the southern end of the Ural Mountains. The city is on both sides of the Ural River. Population: 239,800 (2010 Census);[3] 250,963 (2002 Census);[8] 270,711 (1989 Census).[9] It is next to the Kazakhstan–Russia border.

History[change | change source]

Orsk was founded in 1735. It was first called Orenburg, but this name was later switched to present-day Orenburg.

During the Russian Civil War, Orsk was blockaded for three months and changed control multiple times.

Geography[change | change source]

The city is where the Ural River turns from south to west and where the Or River comes in from the southeast (where Orsk gets its name). It was part of the Orenburg Line of forts.

Economy[change | change source]

Orsk is the most important industrial center of Orenburg Oblast. The main industries there include metallurgy, machine building, petroleum chemistry, food and light industries. The city also has an airport.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Law #1370/276-IV-OZ
  2. Official website of the Orsk Electoral Commission. Election results Archived December 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Law #2367/495-IV-OZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.

Other websites[change | change source]

  • Media related to Orsk at Wikimedia Commons