Federal subjects of Russia

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The subjects of the Russian Federation (Russian: Субъекты Российской Федерации Cubekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) are the main administrative divisions in Russia. Since 18 March 2014, Russia is made up of 85 federal subjects.[1]

The federal subjects are divided into oblasts, republics, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities and autonomous oblasts. Republics are generally independent, with each having its own constitution and legislature. They are meant to be home to a certain ethnic minority. The republics can also set their own official language.[2]

Types[change | change source]

  • Oblast: federal subjects with a governor and elected legislature.
  • Republic: independent subjects, with each having its own constitution and legislature.
  • Krai: same as oblasts, but the word krai is more historic.
  • Autonomous okrug: subjects with a large ethnic minority.
  • Federal cities: cities with more federal power.
  • Autonomous oblast

List by population[change | change source]

Flag Name Type Area (km2) Population Pop. density Established
Flag of Moscow.svg Moscow Federal city 2,511 10,382,754 4,134.9
Flag of Moscow oblast.svg Moscow Oblast Oblast 44,300 6,618,538 149.4 1929
Flag of Krasnodar Krai.svg Krasnodar Krai Krai 76,000 5,125,221 67.4 1937
Flag of Saint Petersburg Russia.svg Saint Petersburg Federal city 1,439 4,662,547 3,240.1
Flag of Sverdlovsk Oblast.svg Sverdlovsk Oblast Oblast 194,800 4,486,214 23.0 1935
Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Rostov Oblast Oblast 100,800 4,404,013 43.7 1937
Flag of Bashkortostan.svg Bashkortostan Republic 143,600 4,104,336 28.6 1919
Flag of Tatarstan.svg Tatarstan Republic 68,000 3,779,265 55.6 1920
Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast.svg Chelyabinsk Oblast Oblast 87,900 3,603,339 41.0 1934
Flag of Nizhny Novgorod Region.svg Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Oblast 76,900 3,524,028 45.8 1936
Flag of Tyumen Oblast.svg Tyumen Oblast Oblast 1,435,200 3,264,841 2.3 1944
Flag of Samara Oblast.svg Samara Oblast Oblast 53,600 3,239,737 60.4 1928
Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Krasnoyarsk Krai Krai 2,339,700 2,966,042 1.3 1934
Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Kemerovo Oblast Oblast 95,500 2,899,142 30.4 1943
Flag of Perm Krai.svg Perm Krai Krai 160,600 2,819,421 17.6 2005
Flag of Stavropol Krai.svg Stavropol Krai Krai 66,500 2,735,139 41.1 1934
Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Volgograd Oblast Oblast 113,900 2,699,223 23.7 1937
Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Novosibirsk Oblast Oblast 178,200 2,692,251 15.1 1937
Flag of Saratov Oblast.png Saratov Oblast Oblast 100,200 2,668,310 26.6 1936
Flag of Altai Krai.svg Altai Krai Krai 169,100 2,607,426 15.4 1937
Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Irkutsk Oblast Oblast 767,900 2,581,705 3.4 1937
Flag of Dagestan.svg Dagestan Republic 50,300 2,576,531 51.2 1921
Flag of Voronezh Oblast.svg Voronezh Oblast Oblast 52,400 2,378,803 45.4 1934
Flag of Orenburg Oblast.svg Orenburg Oblast Oblast 124,000 2,179,551 17.6 1934
Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Omsk Oblast Oblast 139,700 2,079,220 14.9 1934
Flag of Primorsky Krai.svg Primorsky Krai Krai 165,900 2,071,210 12.5 1938
Flag of Crimea.svg Crimea Republic 26,964 1,966,801 72.9 2014
Flag of Tula Oblast.svg Tula Oblast Oblast 25,700 1,675,758 65.2 1937
Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Leningrad Oblast Oblast 84,500 1,669,205 19.8 1927
Flag of Udmurtia.svg Udmurtia Republic 42,100 1,570,316 37.3 1920
Flag of Vladimirskaya Oblast.svg Vladimir Oblast Oblast 29,000 1,523,990 52.6 1944
Flag of Belgorod Oblast.svg Belgorod Oblast Oblast 27,100 1,511,620 55.8 1954
Flag of Kirov Oblast.svg Kirov Oblast Oblast 120,800 1,503,529 12.4 1934
Flag of Tver Oblast.svg Tver Oblast Oblast 84,100 1,471,459 17.5 1935
Flag of Penza Oblast.png Penza Oblast Oblast 43,200 1,452,941 33.6 1939
Flag of Khabarovsk Krai.svg Khabarovsk Krai Krai 788,600 1,436,570 1.8 1938
Flag of Yugra.svg Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 523,100 1,432,817 2.7 1930
Flag of Ulyanovsk Oblast.png Ulyanovsk Oblast Oblast 37,300 1,382,811 37.0 1943
Flag of Bryansk Oblast.svg Bryansk Oblast Oblast 34,900 1,378,941 39.5 1944
Flag of Yaroslavl Oblast.svg Yaroslavl Oblast Oblast 36,400 1,367,398 37.6 1936
Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg Arkhangelsk Oblast Oblast 587,400 1,336,539 2.3 1937
Flag of Chuvashia.svg Chuvashia Republic 18,300 1,313,754 71.8 1920
Flag of Vologda oblast.svg Vologda Oblast Oblast 145,700 1,269,568 8.7 1937
Flag of Kursk Oblast.svg Kursk Oblast Oblast 29,800 1,235,091 41.4 1934
Flag of Ryazan Oblast.png Ryazan Oblast Oblast 39,600 1,227,910 31.0 1937
Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg Lipetsk Oblast Oblast 24,100 1,213,499 50.4 1954
Flag of Tambov Oblast.svg Tambov Oblast Oblast 34,300 1,178,443 34.4 1937
Flag of Zabaykalsky Krai.svg Zabaykalsky Krai Krai 431,500 1,155,346 2.7 2008
Flag of Ivanovo Oblast.svg Ivanovo Oblast Oblast 21,800 1,148,329 52.7 1936
Flag of the Chechen Republic.svg Chechnya Republic 15,300 1,103,686 72.1 1991
Flag of Smolensk oblast.svg Smolensk Oblast Oblast 49,800 1,049,574 21.1 1937
TomskOblastFlag.png Tomsk Oblast Oblast 316,900 1,046,039 3.3 1944
Flag of Kaluga Oblast.svg Kaluga Oblast Oblast 29,900 1,041,641 34.8 1944
Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg Kurgan Oblast Oblast 71,000 1,019,532 14.4 1943
Flag of Komi.svg Komi Republic Republic 415,900 1,018,674 2.4 1921
Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Astrakhan Oblast Oblast 44,100 1,005,276 22.8 1943
Flag of Buryatia.svg Buryatia Republic 351,300 981,238 2.8 1923
Kaliningrad Oblast Oblast 15,100 955,281 63.3 1946
Flag of Sakha.svg Yakutia Republic 3,103,200 949,280 0.3 1922
Flag of Amur Oblast.svg Amur Oblast Oblast 363,700 902,844 2.5 1932
Flag of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg Kabardino-Balkaria Republic 12,500 901,494 72.1 1936
Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Murmansk Oblast Oblast 144,900 892,534 6.2 1938
Flag of Mordovia.svg Mordovia Republic 26,200 888,766 33.9 1930
Flag of Oryol Oblast.svg Oryol Oblast Oblast 24,700 860,262 34.8 1937
Flag placeholder.svg Pskov Oblast Oblast 55,300 760,810 13.8 1944
Flag of Kostroma Oblast.svg Kostroma Oblast Oblast 60,100 736,641 12.3 1944
Flag of Mari El.svg Mari El Republic 23,200 727,979 31.4 1920
Flag of Karelia.svg Karelia Republic 172,400 716,281 4.2 1956
Flag of North Ossetia.svg North Ossetia-Alania Republic 8,000 710,275 88.8 1924
Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svg Novgorod Oblast Oblast 55,300 694,355 12.6 1944
Flag of Sakhalin Oblast.svg Sakhalin Oblast Oblast 87,100 546,695 6.3 1947
Flag of Khakassia.svg Khakassia Republic 61,900 546,072 8.8 1930
Flag of Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District.svg Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 750,300 507,006 0.7 1930
Flag of Ingushetia.svg Ingushetia Republic 4,000 467,294 116.8 1992
Flag of Adygea.svg Adygea Republic 7,600 447,109 58.8 1922
Flag of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg Karachay-Cherkessia Republic 14,100 439,470 31.2 1957
Flag of Sevastopol.svg Sevastopol Federal city 864 379,200 438.9 2014
Flag of Kamchatka Krai.svg Kamchatka Krai Krai 472,300 358,801 0.8 2007
Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Republic 170,500 305,510 1.8 1944
Flag of Kalmykia.svg Kalmykia Republic 76,100 292,410 3.8 1957
Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic Republic 92,600 202,947 2.2 1922
Flag of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.svg Jewish Autonomous Oblast Autonomous Oblast 36,000 190,915 5.3 1934
Flag of Magadan Oblast.svg Magadan Oblast Oblast 461,400 182,726 0.4 1953
Flag of Chukotka.svg Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 737,700 53,824 0.1 1930
Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Nenets Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 176,700 41,546 0.2 1929

References[change | change source]

  1. "Constitution of the Russian Federation". Russian Presidential Executive Office. http://eng.constitution.kremlin.ru/#article-65. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
  2. Article 68 of the Constitution of Russia