Coordinates: 54°43′34″N 55°56′51″E / 54.72611°N 55.94750°E / 54.72611; 55.94750
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Other transcription(s)
 • BashkirӨфө
Flag of Ufa
Coat of arms of Ufa
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Ufa
Ufa is located in Bashkortostan
Location of Ufa
Ufa is located in European Russia
Ufa (European Russia)
Ufa is located in Europe
Ufa (Europe)
Coordinates: 54°43′34″N 55°56′51″E / 54.72611°N 55.94750°E / 54.72611; 55.94750
Federal subjectBashkortostan[1]
City status since1586[4]
 • BodyCity Council[5]
 • Head[5]Sergey Grekov
 • Total707.93 km2 (273.33 sq mi)
150 m (490 ft)
 • Total1,062,319
 • Estimate 
1,120,547 (+5.5%)
 • Rank11th in 2010
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Ufa[1]
 • Capital ofRepublic of Bashkortostan[9]
 • Capital ofcity of republic significance of Ufa[1], Ufimsky District[10]
 • Urban okrugUfa Urban Okrug[11]
 • Capital ofUfa Urban Okrug[11], Ufimsky Municipal District[11]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[12])
Postal code(s)[13]
450000–450010, 450013–450015, 450017–450019, 450022, 450024, 450026–450030, 450032–450035, 450037–450040, 450043–450045, 450047, 450049–450059, 450061–450065, 450068, 450069, 450071, 450073–450081, 450083, 450091–450093, 450095–450101, 450103–450106, 450880, 450890, 450911–450948, 450951–450966, 450971–450979, 450981–450986, 450989–450999, 901139, 901229, 992200
Dialing code(s)+7 347
OKTMO ID80701000001
Twin townsAnkara, Halle (Saale), Chelyabinsk, QiqiharEdit this on Wikidata

Ufa (Bashkir: Өфө audio speaker icon[ʏ̞ˈfʏ̞] , romanized: Üfü; Russian: Уфа́) is the largest city in and the capital of Bashkortostan, Russia. The city is located where the Belaya and Ufa rivers meet. This area is in the centre-north of Bashkortostan, on hills forming the Ufa Plateau. It is to the west of the southern Ural Mountains. Over 1.1 million people live in the city.[14] As many as 1.4 million more people live in the area around the city. Ufa is the tenth-most populous city in Russia. It has the fourth largest population for a city in the Volga Federal District.

The city was founded in 1574. This is when a fortress was built on the site of the city by order of Ivan the Terrible. Ufa was made capital of Ufa Governorate in 1865 when the governorate split from Orenburg Governorate.

Today, Ufa's economy is based mainly on the oil refining, chemistry and mechanical engineering industries. The petroleum company Bashneft and several of its subsidiaries have their headquarters in Ufa. People of many different ethnic groups live in Ufa. The city is home to a large number of ethnic Bashkirs and Tatars, Most of the population is ethnicly Russian. Several educational institutions are in Ufa. They include Bashkir State University, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University and Ural State Law University.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Resolution #391
  2. The official website of Ufa does not list an anthem among the official symbols of the city.
  3. Official website of Ufa. Brief Information About Ufa (in Russian)
  4. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 498. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Charter of Ufa, Article 18
  6. Official website of Ufa. Land Utilization (in Russian)
  7. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  8. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  9. Law #166-z
  10. Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 80 252», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 80 252, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Law #162-z
  12. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  13. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  14. "RUSSIA: Privolžskij Federal'nyj Okrug: Volga Federal District". City Population.de. August 4, 2020. Retrieved October 20, 2020.