Syktyvkar

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Syktyvkar
Сыктывкар
Other transcription(s)
 • KomiСыктывкар
Flag
Coat of Arms
Location of Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar is located in Komi Republic
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar
Location of Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar is located in European Russia
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar (European Russia)
Syktyvkar is located in Europe
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar
Syktyvkar (Europe)
Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817Coordinates: 61°40′N 50°49′E / 61.667°N 50.817°E / 61.667; 50.817
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKomi Republic[1]
Founded1586
City status since1780
Government
 • MayorNatalia Khozyainova
Area
 • Total152 km2 (59 sq mi)
Elevation
172 m (564 ft)
Population
 • Total235,006
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
245,083 (+4.3%)
 • Rank81st in 2010
 • Density1,500/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
 • Capital ofKomi Republic[1]
 • Capital ofcity of republic significance of Syktyvkar[1]
 • Urban okrugSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofSyktyvkar Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
167000, 167002, 167004, 167005, 167009, 167011, 167014, 167018, 167023, 167026, 167031
Dialing code(s)+7 8212
OKTMO ID87701000001
Twin townsAtyrau, Debrecen, Los Altos, Lovech, Cullera, Mahilioŭ, Taiyuan, KemerEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.syktyvkar.komi.com

Syktyvkar (/sɪktɪfˈkɑːr/,[8] Russian: Сыктывка́р, IPA: [sɨktɨfˈkar]; Komi: Сыктывкар) is the capital city of the Komi Republic in Russia. It is also its largest city. Before 1930, it was named Ust-Sysolsk, after the Sysola River.

Origin of its name[change | change source]

The name of the city comes from Syktyv, the Komi name for the Sysola River, plus kar, meaning "city".

Geography[change | change source]

Syktyvkar is located on the Sysola River. It is the origin of its old name Ust-Sysolsk. The city is close to where the Sysola joins the larger Vychegda River, which is a branch of the Northern Dvina.

Economy[change | change source]

The Sysola, the Vychegda, and the Northern Dvina are easy to travel on and are a major transport route of forestry products from Syktyvkar. Lumber and woodcrafts are the city's largest industries.

Previously, Komiinteravia had its head office in Syktyvkar.[9]

Transportation[change | change source]

The city is served by Syktyvkar Airport and Syktyvkar Southwest airfield. The city also has a railway station. Syktyvkar is the end point of route R176 (Vyatka Highway).

Events[change | change source]

Climate[change | change source]

Syktyvkar has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with long, cold winters and short, warm summers. Compared with areas at a similar latitude in Siberia, winters are less extreme, but still much longer than summer and a bit cold by European standards.

Climate data for Syktyvkar (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1888–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
5.3
(41.5)
13.2
(55.8)
26.7
(80.1)
31.8
(89.2)
35.3
(95.5)
34.5
(94.1)
34.6
(94.3)
27.5
(81.5)
20.4
(68.7)
10.6
(51.1)
5.2
(41.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.6
(30.9)
7.2
(45.0)
15.3
(59.5)
20.5
(68.9)
23.3
(73.9)
19.0
(66.2)
12.9
(55.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
−7.9
(17.8)
6.0
(42.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.4
(7.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−5.1
(22.8)
2.1
(35.8)
9.1
(48.4)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
14.0
(57.2)
8.6
(47.5)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.9
(21.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
1.8
(35.2)
Average low °C (°F) −16.8
(1.8)
−15.3
(4.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.8
(38.8)
9.3
(48.7)
12.2
(54.0)
9.6
(49.3)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−13.7
(7.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
Record low °C (°F) −46.6
(−51.9)
−45.4
(−49.7)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
−8.6
(16.5)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−43.5
(−46.3)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−46.6
(−51.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 45
(1.8)
36
(1.4)
36
(1.4)
37
(1.5)
52
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
72
(2.8)
80
(3.1)
62
(2.4)
61
(2.4)
52
(2.0)
49
(1.9)
653
(25.7)
Average rainy days 4 3 5 13 19 19 19 21 23 19 8 6 159
Average snowy days 28 26 23 14 6 1 0 0.1 3 16 26 28 171
Average relative humidity (%) 83 81 75 67 64 68 73 79 84 86 86 84 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 20 64 125 185 254 278 278 200 103 49 22 9 1,587
Source 1: Погода и Климат[14]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[15]

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Syktyvkar is twinned with:[16]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #16-RZ
  2. Сайт администрации МО ГО 'Сыктывкар' — Краткая справка Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Law #11-RZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. "Dictionary.com". Archived from the original on April 16, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  9. "Directory: World Airlines. Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 95 Archived November 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. "Sovetskaya Street 69, Skytyvkar, Komi Zone ATD, Russia"
  10. "Championship homepage". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  11. "Google Translate". Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  12. "Google Translate". Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2022.
  13. "Herrarnas bandy-VM i Ryssland ställs in - ryssarna stängs av från mästerskap i Sverige". March 2022.
  14. "Climate Syktyvkar". Pogoda.ru.net. Archived from the original on April 20, 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  15. "SYKTYVKAR 1961–1990". NOAA. Archived from the original on November 16, 2021. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
  16. "Сыктывкар и его побратимы: что известно о сотрудничестве между городами". komionline.ru (in Russian). Komi Online. 2019-05-22. Archived from the original on November 6, 2019. Retrieved 2020-02-04.

Other websites[change | change source]