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Kazan (English)
Казань (Russian)
Казан (Tatar)
-  City  -
City of republic significance
KAZ Collage 2015.png
Left to right, top to bottom: Spasskaya Tower; Söyembikä Tower; Qol Sharif Mosque; Farmers' Palace; Epiphany Cathedral; View of Kazan
Missing map.svg
Coat of Arms of Kazan (Tatarstan).svg
Flag of Kazan.svg
Coat of arms
City DayAugust 30[1]
Administrative status (as of February 2014)
Federal subjectRepublic of Tatarstan
Administratively subordinated tocity of republic significance of Kazan
Capital ofRepublic of Tatarstan[2]
Administrative center ofcity of republic significance of Kazan
Municipal status (as of January 2012)
Urban okrugKazan Urban Okrug
Administrative center ofKazan Urban Okrug
Mayor[3]Ilsur Metshin[3]
Representative bodyCity Duma[4]
Area425.3 km2 (164.2 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census,
1,143,535 inhabitants[6]
Rank in 20108th
Population (2016 est.)1,216,965 inhabitants[7]
Density2,689/km2 (6,964/sq mi)[8]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded1005(see text)
Postal code(s)420xxx[9]
Dialing code(s)+7 843[10]
Official website

Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь, IPA: [kɐˈzanʲ]; Tatar: Казан) is the capital city of Tatarstan and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga (İdel) and Kazanka (Qazansu) rivers in central European Russia.

Name[change | change source]

The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of Tatar qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Alternately, it may have been derived from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch].

"Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a variant of a wok, but more solid and heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is situated in a U - shape lowland.

Another, more romantic legend tells a story of a Tatar princess Söyembikä, who dropped a golden dish (golden qazan) into the river on which the city is located while washing it.

Nevertheless, Chuvash legends refer to Bulgarian prince Khusan (Chuvash rendering of Muslim name Hassan) and Chuvashes call this city Хусан after the name of this prince.

Images[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. [1] Archived December 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. "Welcome to the Republic of Tatarstan". tatarstan.ru. Archived from the original on September 16, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Official website of the Mayor of Kazan Archived September 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  4. Official website of Kazan. Kazan City Duma Archived March 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  5. площадь собственно города, Федеральная служба государственной статистики Archived November 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  7. Численность населения муниципальных образований Республики Татарстан Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  8. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  9. "Kazan Russia - a thousand-year Russian city travel guide". aboutkazan.com. Archived from the original on August 28, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  10. "Current Local Time in Kazan, Russia". www.timeanddate.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2018.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Kazan at Wikimedia Commons