Vorkuta

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vorkuta
Воркута
Other transcription(s)
 • KomiВӧркута
Central Vorkuta
Central Vorkuta
Flag of Vorkuta
Coat of arms of Vorkuta
Location of Vorkuta
Vorkuta is located in Komi Republic
Vorkuta
Vorkuta
Location of Vorkuta
Vorkuta is located in European Russia
Vorkuta
Vorkuta
Vorkuta (European Russia)
Vorkuta is located in Arctic
Vorkuta
Vorkuta
Vorkuta (Arctic)
Coordinates: 67°30′N 64°02′E / 67.500°N 64.033°E / 67.500; 64.033Coordinates: 67°30′N 64°02′E / 67.500°N 64.033°E / 67.500; 64.033
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKomi Republic[1]
FoundedJanuary 4, 1936[2]
Town status sinceNovember 26, 1943[2]
Government
 • Administration Manager[3]Yaroslav Shaposhnikov[3]
Area
 • Total29.8 km2 (11.5 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 • Total70,548
 • Rank224th in 2010
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,100/sq mi)
 • Subordinated totown of republic significance of Vorkuta[1]
 • Capital oftown of republic significance of Vorkuta[1]
 • Urban okrugVorkuta Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofVorkuta Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
169900
Dialing code(s)+7 82151
OKTMO ID87710000001
Twin townsAntananarivo, Vologda, Shakhty, Kirkenes, Veliky Novgorod, Saint PetersburgEdit this on Wikidata
Websitexn--80adypkng.xn--p1ai/english/

Vorkuta (Russian: Воркута́; Komi: Вӧркута, Vörkuta; Nenets for "the abundance of bears", "bear corner")[8] is a coal-mining town in northern Komi Republic, Russia. It is located right above the Arctic Circle and built near the river Vorkuta. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the town lost population as the mines were abandoned.

History[change | change source]

In 1930, geologist Georgy Chernov found large amounts of coal fields next to the river Vorkuta. These coal fields were soon developed. This was the start of coal-mining in the Komi ASSR.

During the Cold War, the Vorkuta Sovetsky airbase was used as a base for strategic bombers by the Soviets.

Economy[change | change source]

By the early 21st century, most of the mines in Vorkuta were closed because of the high costs of keeping them open.

Transportation[change | change source]

The small Vorkuta Airport is located in the town.

Climate[change | change source]

Vorkuta has a subarctic climate (Köppen classification system Dfc) with short cool summers and cold and snowy winters.

Climate data for Vorkuta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
1.2
(34.2)
5.3
(41.5)
12.0
(53.6)
26.5
(79.7)
31.0
(87.8)
33.8
(92.8)
30.0
(86.0)
24.2
(75.6)
15.6
(60.1)
4.8
(40.6)
3.5
(38.3)
33.8
(92.8)
Average high °C (°F) −15.6
(3.9)
−16.1
(3.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.7
(35.1)
12.6
(54.7)
18.6
(65.5)
14.2
(57.6)
7.9
(46.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−13.9
(7.0)
−1.4
(29.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.5
(−3.1)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−13.9
(7.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.9
(28.6)
7.6
(45.7)
13.2
(55.8)
9.7
(49.5)
4.3
(39.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
−13.3
(8.1)
−17.6
(0.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average low °C (°F) −23.5
(−10.3)
−23.9
(−11.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−14.3
(6.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
3.3
(37.9)
8.2
(46.8)
5.8
(42.4)
1.2
(34.2)
−6.1
(21.0)
−16.8
(1.8)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
Record low °C (°F) −48.0
(−54.4)
−49.4
(−56.9)
−43.1
(−45.6)
−38.5
(−37.3)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.5
(13.1)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−45.1
(−49.2)
−52.0
(−61.6)
−52.0
(−61.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.4)
34
(1.3)
33
(1.3)
27
(1.1)
35
(1.4)
52
(2.0)
55
(2.2)
63
(2.5)
57
(2.2)
57
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
42
(1.7)
531
(20.9)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 47
(19)
66
(26)
81
(32)
84
(33)
53
(21)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(2.4)
17
(6.7)
30
(12)
388
(153.7)
Average rainy days 1 0 1 3 9 16 19 22 19 10 2 1 103
Average snowy days 25 21 23 19 16 4 0 0 4 18 24 26 180
Average relative humidity (%) 81 80 81 79 79 72 74 82 85 88 84 82 81
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[9]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #16-RZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 Информационный портал администрации Воркуты - История Воркуты 1930-1945 годы (in Russian). Archived from the original on October 8, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Глава городского округа (in Russian). May 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  4. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Law #11-RZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. "About city". Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  9. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved February 16, 2012.