Bashkir language

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Bashkir language
Башҡорт теле Bašqort tele
Native toRussia, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan
Native speakers
more than 1,400,000
Altaic
Official status
Official language in
Bashkortostan
Language codes
ISO 639-1ba
ISO 639-2bak
ISO 639-3bak

The Bashkir language (Native name: About this soundбашҡорт теле  [bɑʃqɵrt tɨiɨ]) is a Turkic language. Speakers of the Bashkir language mostly live in the Russian republic of Bashkortostan. A large number of speakers also live in Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Perm Krai, Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Sverdlovsk, and Kurgan Oblasts.

Alphabet[change | change source]

Like other languages of Russia, Bashkir uses an alphabet made up of Cyrillic letters. The Bashkir alphabet has 42 letters, made up of the 33 letters of the Russian alphabet and 9 more letters for special Bashkir sounds. These 9 letters and their sounds are:

  • Ә ә /æ/
  • Ө ө /ø/
  • Ү ү [y]
  • Ғ ғ /ʁ/
  • Ҡ ҡ /q/
  • Ң ң /ŋ/
  • Ҙ ҙ /ð/
  • Ҫ ҫ /θ/
  • Һ һ /h/