Kurgan Oblast

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Kurgan Oblast
Курганская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750Coordinates: 55°34′N 64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750
Political status
CountryRussia
Federal districtUral[1]
Economic regionUral[2]
EstablishedFebruary 6, 1943[3]
Administrative centerKurgan
Government (as of February 2014)
 • Governor[4]Vadim Shumkov
 • LegislatureOblast Duma[5]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[6]
 • Total71,000 km2 (27,000 sq mi)
Area rank43rd
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 • Total910,807
 • Rank57th
 • Density[8]12.83/km2 (33.2/sq mi)
 • Urban60.3%
 • Rural39.7%
Population (June 2014 est.)
 • Total874,100[9]
Time zone(s)YEKT (UTC+06:00)
ISO 3166-2RU-KGN
License plates45
Official languagesRussian[10]
Official website

Kurgan Oblast (Russian: Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia. Specifically, it is an oblast. Its administrative center (capital city) is the city of Kurgan. In June 2014, the population was estimated to be 874,100,[9] down from 910,807 in the 2010 Census.[7]

History[change | change source]

Kurgan Oblast was created on February 6, 1943. It included 32 districts from Chelyabinsk Oblast and 4 districts from Omsk Oblast. These districts added up to a total population of 975,000.

Geography[change | change source]

Kurgan Oblast is in the Urals Federal District. It borders Chelyabinsk Oblast in the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast in the northwest, Tyumen Oblast in the northeast, and the Kazakh regions of Kostanay and North Kazakhstan in the south.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

Economy[change | change source]

Kurgan Oblast borders the oil and gas-rich districts of Tyumen Oblast. Because of this, many major pipelines go through Kurgan Oblast.

Demographics[change | change source]

Population: 834,701 (2019 estimate[11]), 910,807 (2010 Census);[7] 1,019,532 (2002 Census);[12] 1,104,872 (1989 Census).[13]

Russians (823,722) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast. They make up 92.5% of the population. Other major ethnic groups in the oblast include[14] Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, and Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Other ethnicities are 2.1%.

Largest cities and towns[change | change source]

Notable people[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 10
  4. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 78-1
  5. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 80
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  8. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Kurgan Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Демография Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  10. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. "Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2019 года". Archived from the original on July 16, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  12. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  14. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.

Other websites[change | change source]