Murmansk Oblast

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Flag of the Murmansk Oblast.
Location of the oblast.

Murmansk Oblast (Russian: Му́рманская о́бласть, Murmanskaya oblast' ) is a federal subject in northwestern Russia. The administrative centre is Murmansk, where most of the population lives. The oblast has a population of 795,409.[1]

History[change | change source]

Records show people first began to populate the area sometime between 8000 BC and 7000 BC.[2][3] The first permanent towns began to appear in the 15th century. These towns were mainly on the Tersky Coast. In the late 15th century, the area became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. At the time, most of the economy was based on fishing.

Oblast divisions[change | change source]

The oblast is divided into six districts, six closed cities and six cities and towns under the oblast's control.

Districts[change | change source]

The six districts are: Kandalakshsky District, Kolsky District, Kovdorsky District, Lovozersky District, Pechengsky District, Tersky District.

Closed cities[change | change source]

The six closed cities are: Gadzhiyevo, Ostrovnoy, Polyarny, Severomorsk, Snezhnogorsk and Zaozyorsk.

These cities are controlled by the federal government. A "closed city" is a term for a city where residents need special permission to live there.

Cities and towns under the oblast's control[change | change source]

The six cities and towns under the oblast's control are: Murmansk, Apatity, Kirovsk, Monchegorsk, Olenegorsk and Polyarnye Zori.

These cities have their own oblast territory.

Climate[change | change source]

Most of the oblast is in the arctic circle, meaning in summer the sun is in the sky all day, while at night the sun never rises. The entire oblast also has a subarctic climate, with very cold winters, and short, warm summers. The area isn't as cold as other locations of the same longitude because of the effects of the North Atlantic Current. The current's influence also means that the northern coast is generally "warmer" than the southern central region.

Demographics[change | change source]

The native people of the area are the Sami, but they only make up 0.2% of the population today.

Below is a list of the largest cities in the oblast:

Rank City Population (2010) Coordinates
1 Murmansk 307,257 68°57′31″N 33°4′58″E / 68.95861°N 33.08278°E / 68.95861; 33.08278
2 Apatity 59,672 67°34′40″N 33°23′26″E / 67.57778°N 33.39056°E / 67.57778; 33.39056
3 Severomorsk 50,060 69°3′56″N 33°24′33″E / 69.06556°N 33.40917°E / 69.06556; 33.40917
4 Monchegorsk 45,361 67°56′35″N 32°53′31″E / 67.94306°N 32.89194°E / 67.94306; 32.89194
5 Kandalaksha 35,654 67°10′12″N 32°25′23″E / 67.17000°N 32.42306°E / 67.17000; 32.42306
6 Kirovsk 28,625 67°36′39″N 33°40′21″E / 67.61083°N 33.67250°E / 67.61083; 33.67250
7 Olenegorsk 23,072 68°8′33″N 33°15′27″E / 68.14250°N 33.25750°E / 68.14250; 33.25750
8 Kovdor 18,820 67°34′12″N 30°28′26″E / 67.57000°N 30.47389°E / 67.57000; 30.47389
9 Polyarny 17,293 69°11′55″N 33°26′22″E / 69.19861°N 33.43944°E / 69.19861; 33.43944
10 Zapolyarny 15,825 69°25′29″N 30°49′24″E / 69.42472°N 30.82333°E / 69.42472; 30.82333

Approximately 42% of the population adhere to the Russian Orthodox Church. Another 4.5% follow another form of Christianity. 1% of the population is Muslim, 12% are atheists and 28% are "spiritual but not religious."[4][5]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  2. В. Я. Шумкин. Этапы освоения Северо-Запада Европейской Арктики, 2015
  3. http://kae.rekvizit.ru/olen/olintr.htm Кольская археологическая экспедиция
  4. Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  5. 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

Other websites[change | change source]