Kaliningrad Oblast

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Kaliningrad Oblast
Калининградская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 54°48′N 21°25′E / 54.800°N 21.417°E / 54.800; 21.417Coordinates: 54°48′N 21°25′E / 54.800°N 21.417°E / 54.800; 21.417
Political status
CountryRussia
Federal districtNorthwestern[1]
Economic regionKaliningrad[2]
EstablishedApril 7, 1946[3]
Administrative centerKaliningrad[4][5]
Government (as of October 2016)
 • Governor[6]Anton Alikhanov
 • LegislatureOblast Duma[7]
Statistics
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 • Total15,100 km2 (5,800 sq mi)
Area rank76th
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total941,873
 • Rank56th
 • Density[9]62.38/km2 (161.6/sq mi)
 • Urban77.6%
 • Rural22.4%
Population (January 2019 est.)
 • Total1,002,114[10]
Time zone(s)USZ1 (UTC+03:00)
ISO 3166-2RU-KGD
License plates39, 91
Official languagesRussian[11]
Official website

Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калинингра́дская о́бласть, Kaliningradskaya oblast) is an exclave of Russia bordered by Poland, Lithuania and Baltic Sea. The capital of Kaliningrad Oblast is Kaliningrad, formerly Königsberg.

It is quite unusual, first because it is not attached to Russia. It is an exclave on the Baltic coast, with no land connection to the rest of Russia. It has a population of 941,873 (2010 Census). It has a continental climate (Dfb in the Koeppen climate classification).

Its territory was part of historical East Prussia (German: Nord-Ostpreussen), which was an exclave of Germany from 1919 until 1945. That year, it was occupied by the Soviet Union. The region was later annexed to the Soviet Union under border changes of the Potsdam Agreement, when it was attached to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR). Most of its German population were killed or fled west to West Germany during the last months of the war. The rest were expelled between 1944 and 1950. Russian settlers were moved in and the population is now mainly Russian. As of the 2010 census, only a small number of ethnic Germans remain; most of the several thousand who live in the oblast are recent immigrants from other parts of the former Soviet Union.

References[change | change source]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter of Kaliningrad Oblast, Article 3
  4. Law #463
  5. "Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia | By Russia Channel". Russia-channel.com. Archived from the original on July 6, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  6. Charter of Kaliningrad Oblast, Article 28
  7. Charter of Kaliningrad Oblast, Article 17
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  9. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  10. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/doc_2018/bul_dr/mun_obr2018.rar
  11. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.