Coordinates: 43°24′N 45°43′E / 43.400°N 45.717°E / 43.400; 45.717
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Chechen Republic
Чеченская Республика (Russian)
Нохчийн Республика (Chechen)
—  Republic  —


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 43°24′N 45°43′E / 43.400°N 45.717°E / 43.400; 45.717
Political status
Federal districtNorth Caucasian[2]
Economic regionNorth Caucasus[3]
EstablishedJanuary 10, 1993[4]
Government (as of January 2015)
 • Head[7]Ramzan Kadyrov[6]
 • LegislatureParliament[7]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[8]
 • Total17,300 km2 (6,700 sq mi)
Area rank76th
 • Urban32.1%
Population (January 2016 est.)
 • Total1,395,678[9]
Time zone(s)MSK (UTC+04:00)
ISO 3166-2RU-CE
License plates95
Official languagesRussian;[10] Chechen[11]
[ Official website]

Chechnya (Russian: Чечня́, romanized: Chechnya; Chechen: Нохчийчоь, romanized: Noxçiyçö), officially the Chechen Republic (Russian: Чече́нская Респу́блика, romanized: Chechenskaya Respublika; Chechen: Нохчийн Республика, romanized: Noxçiyn Respublika), is a federal subject in Russia. It is located in the Caucasus region of Western Asia. The capital is Grozny.

Most people in Chechnya are Muslims and are of ancient Hurrian roots who spoke a Caucasian language. Most Chechens belong to the Shafi`i school of Sunni Islam.[12]

Chechens speak their own language, not related to the Russian language. The Chechen language is part of the Northeast Caucasian, or Vainakh, family, while Russian is a Slavic language.[13][14]

During Soviet control, Chechnya was unified with Ingushetia.[15] After the fall of the Soviet Union, Chechnya broke away from Ingushetia to form its own republic.[15] The Chechens wanted independence. After the First Chechen War, Chechnya was de facto independent as the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. After the Second Chechen War, Russia regained control of Chechnya.

Russia has claimed Chechnya as part of its country since the Russians invaded the Caucasus in the 18th century.

The current leader of the Chechen Republic is Ramzan Kadyrov.[15] He is also the son of the 1st Chechen President, Akhmad Kadyrov.

References[change | change source]

  1. Decree #164
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Law #4071-1
  5. Constitution of the Chechen Republic, Article 59.5
  6. Official website of the Chechen Republic. Ramzan Akhmatovich Kadyrov Archived August 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  7. 7.0 7.1 Constitution, Article 5.1
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  9. Chechen Republic Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения Чеченской Республики на 1 января 2014 года (PDF) (in Russian). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 11, 2017. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  10. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. Constitution of the Chechen Republic, Article 10.1
  12. "The George Washington University - Washington, D.C."
  13. "Zur Sprachgeschichte des Kaukasus (On the language history of the Caucasus), page 23" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  14. "Slavic languages". Britannica. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Chechnya". Britannica. Retrieved 12 December 2017.

Other websites[change | change source]