Sakhalin Oblast

Coordinates: 50°33′N 142°36′E / 50.550°N 142.600°E / 50.550; 142.600
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Sakhalin Oblast
Сахалинская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 50°33′N 142°36′E / 50.550°N 142.600°E / 50.550; 142.600
Political status
Federal districtFar Eastern[1]
Economic regionFar Eastern[2]
EstablishedOctober 20, 1932[3]
Administrative centerYuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Government (as of March 2011)
 • GovernorValery Limarenko[4]
 • LegislatureOblast Duma
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[5]
 • Total87,100 km2 (33,600 sq mi)
Area rank37th
Population (2010 Census)[6]
 • Total497,973
 • Rank72nd
 • Density[7]5.72/km2 (14.8/sq mi)
 • Urban79.7%
 • Rural20.3%
ISO 3166-2RU-SAK
License plates65
Official languagesRussian[8]
[ Official website]

Sakhalin Oblast (Russian: Сахали́нская о́бласть, tr. Sahalínskaya óblast', IPA: [səxɐˈlʲinskəjə ˈobləsʲtʲ]) is a federal subject of Russia. Specifically, it is an oblast. It is the island of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands in the Russian Far East. The area of the oblast is 87,100 square kilometers (33,600 sq mi). Its administrative center (capital city) and largest city is Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. As of the 2010 Census, around 500,000 people lived there.[6]

Most of the people living in the oblast are ethnic Russians. However, there are also a few Koreans and other groups. Sakhalin Oblast has much natural gas and oil. So, it is Russia's fourth wealthiest federal subject and wealthiest oblast.[9] Nearby is Khabarovsk Krai to the west and Kamchatka Krai to the north, and Hokkaido, Japan to the south.

Population[change | change source]

Population: 497,973 (2010 Census);[6] 546,695 (2002 Census);[10] 709,629 (1989 Census).[11]

Ethnic groups: 409,786 ethnic Russians are the largest group, followed by 24,993 Koreans (see Sakhalin Koreans), 12,136 Ukrainians and many smaller ethnic groups, including 219 Japanese and Ainu (0.05%), who were native to the region and opposed the Soviet Union taking the territory after World War II. The ethnic groups of the oblast in 2010 were:

References[change | change source]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Постановление ВЦИК от 20.10.1932 "О реорганизации системы административно-территориального деления Дальневосточного края" Archived September 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  4. Щербина стала исполняющим обязанности врио главы Сахалинской области
  5. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  7. The density value was calculated by dividing the population reported by the 2010 Census by the area shown in the "Area" field. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  9. "Валовой региональный продукт". Archived from the original on 2019-11-12. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  10. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.

Other websites[change | change source]