Republic of Crimea

Coordinates: 45°24′N 35°18′E / 45.400°N 35.300°E / 45.400; 35.300
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Republic of Crimea
Республика Крым (Russian)
Республіка Крим (Ukrainian)
Къырым Джумхуриети (Crimean Tatar)
—  Republic  —


Coat of arms
"Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина" (Russian)
Nivy i gory tvoi volshebny, Rodina  (transliteration)
Your fields and mountains are magical, Motherland
Location of the  Republic of Crimea  (red)

in Russia  (light yellow)

Location of the  Republic of Crimea  (light yellow)

in the Crimean Peninsula

Coordinates: 45°24′N 35°18′E / 45.400°N 35.300°E / 45.400; 35.300
Political status
Federal districtSouthern[1][2]
Economic regionNorth Caucasus[3]
Established18 March 2014[4]
Government (as of October 2014)
 • HeadSergey Aksyonov[5]
 • LegislatureState Council
Area [6]
 • Total26,100 km2 (10,100 sq mi)
Population (2014 est.)
 • Total1,891,465[7]
License plates82[8][9]
Official languagesRussian;[11] Ukrainian;[10] Crimean Tatar[10]
Official website

The Republic of Crimea (Crimean Tatar: Къырым Джумхуриети, Qırım Cumhuriyeti; Russian: Республика Крым, Respublika Krym) is an unrecognised Russian federal subject officially part of Ukraine.[12] It is the Crimean peninsula in the Black Sea. It is located southeast of Ukraine and west of southern Russia. Its capital is Simferopol. The parliament of Crimea declared independence in 2014 after the victory of Euromaidan and joined Russia.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Crimea becomes part of vast Southern federal district of Russia". Ukraine Today. 28 July 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. "Putin reveals secrets of Russia's Crimea takeover plot". BBC. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2016. Crimea was formally absorbed into Russia on 18 March, to international condemnation, after unidentified gunmen took over the peninsula.
  5. "Crimea Deputies Back Acting Leader Sergei Aksyonov to Head Republic - News". The Moscow Times.
  6. "Autonomous Republic of Crimea". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
  7. "2014 Crimean Federal District census". Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  8. "Order of Interior Ministry of Russia №316". Interior Ministry of Russia. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  9. Для крымских автомобилистов приготовили новые номера. Segodnya (in Russian). 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Putin addresses Russia's parliament in Crimea". al Jazeera.
  11. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  12. "Crimea parliament declares independence from Ukraine ahead of referendum". Russia Today. March 11, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014.