Kostroma

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Kostroma
Кострома
Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-1828)
Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma (1825-1828)
Flag of Kostroma
Coat of arms of Kostroma
Location of Kostroma
Kostroma is located in Russia
Kostroma
Kostroma
Location of Kostroma
Kostroma is located in Kostroma Oblast
Kostroma
Kostroma
Kostroma (Kostroma Oblast)
Coordinates: 57°46′N 40°56′E / 57.767°N 40.933°E / 57.767; 40.933Coordinates: 57°46′N 40°56′E / 57.767°N 40.933°E / 57.767; 40.933
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKostroma Oblast
Founded1152
City status since1719
Government
 • HeadYuri Zhurin[1]
Area
 • Total144.5 km2 (55.8 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 • Total268,742
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
277,280 (+3.2%)
 • Rank69th in 2010
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Kostroma
 • Capital ofKostroma Oblast, Kostromskoy District
 • Urban okrugKostroma Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofKostroma Urban Okrug, Kostromskoy Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
156XXX
Dialing code(s)+7 4942
OKTMO ID34701000001
Twin townsAachen, Durham, Durham, Hyvinkää, Berane, Cetinje, Samokov, Ochamchire, Dole, Piotrków TrybunalskiEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.gradkostroma.ru

Kostroma (Russian: Кострома́, IPA: [kəstrɐˈma]) is a historic city and the administrative center (capital city) of Kostroma Oblast, Russia. It is a part of the Golden Ring of Russian towns. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Volga and Kostroma. Population: 268,742 (2010 Census);[2] 278,750 (2002 Census);[6] 278,414 (1989 Census).[7]

Climate[change | change source]

Kostroma has a cool continental climate (Köppen Dfb). It has chilly winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Kostroma (1991–2020, extremes 1842–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.2
(45.0)
17.9
(64.2)
27.6
(81.7)
32.5
(90.5)
34.5
(94.1)
37.1
(98.8)
37.3
(99.1)
30.2
(86.4)
22.9
(73.2)
13.8
(56.8)
9.4
(48.9)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
1.0
(33.8)
10.2
(50.4)
18.2
(64.8)
21.7
(71.1)
24.2
(75.6)
21.7
(71.1)
15.6
(60.1)
7.7
(45.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
8.8
(47.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.8
(16.2)
−8.2
(17.2)
−2.8
(27.0)
5.0
(41.0)
12.3
(54.1)
16.1
(61.0)
18.6
(65.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.9
(51.6)
4.4
(39.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
4.6
(40.2)
Average low °C (°F) −11.8
(10.8)
−11.3
(11.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.8
(33.4)
7.1
(44.8)
11.1
(52.0)
13.7
(56.7)
11.7
(53.1)
7.2
(45.0)
1.8
(35.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
0.9
(33.6)
Record low °C (°F) −46.4
(−51.5)
−39.3
(−38.7)
−31.1
(−24.0)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.2
(37.8)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−46.4
(−51.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.6)
29
(1.1)
31
(1.2)
35
(1.4)
53
(2.1)
74
(2.9)
73
(2.9)
73
(2.9)
56
(2.2)
64
(2.5)
49
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
618
(24.3)
Average rainy days 6 5 8 14 16 17 16 17 18 18 11 8 154
Average snowy days 28 24 18 8 1 0.1 0 0 1 7 20 27 134
Average relative humidity (%) 87 83 77 68 64 72 74 78 82 86 88 88 79
Mean monthly sunshine hours 33 70 132 184 266 291 282 227 136 65 32 17 1,735
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[8]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[9]

Notable people[change | change source]

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Kostroma is twinned with:[10]

[11]

Because of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Durham County council stopped plans for twinning with Kostroma.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Official website of Kostroma. Viktor Valentinovich Yemets, Head of the Kostroma City Administration
  2. 2.0 2.1 Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  8. "Погода и Климат – Климат Кострома" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  9. "Kostroma Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  10. "Международное и межмуниципальное сотрудничество". duma-kostroma.ru (in Russian). Duma Kostroma. Retrieved 2020-02-01.
  11. "Durham City Council votes to suspend ties with Russian sister city". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2022-09-07.
  12. "Ukraine: County Durham ends twinning links with Russian city Kostroma". BBC News. 2021-09-06. Retrieved 2022-03-16.

Other websites[change | change source]