Tambov

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Tambov
Тамбов
International Street, with the Kazansky Monastery seen in the background
International Street, with the Kazansky Monastery seen in the background
Flag of Tambov
Coat of arms of Tambov
Location of Tambov
Tambov is located in Russia
Tambov
Tambov
Location of Tambov
Tambov is located in Tambov Oblast
Tambov
Tambov
Tambov (Tambov Oblast)
Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°26′E / 52.717°N 41.433°E / 52.717; 41.433Coordinates: 52°43′N 41°26′E / 52.717°N 41.433°E / 52.717; 41.433
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTambov Oblast
Founded17 April 1636
City status since1719
Area
 • Total90.89 km2 (35.09 sq mi)
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 • Total280,161
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
293,661 (+4.8%)
 • Rank68th in 2010
 • Density3,100/km2 (8,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Tambov
 • Capital ofTambov Oblast, Tambovsky District
 • Urban okrugTambov Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofTambov Urban Okrug, Tambovsky Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
392000
Dialing code(s)+7 4752
OKTMO ID68701000001
City DayJune 12
Twin townsBar-le-Duc, PenzaEdit this on Wikidata
Websitecity.tambov.gov.ru

Tambov (UK: /tæmˈbɒf/,[7] US: /tɑːmˈbɔːf, -ˈbɔːv/;[8][9][10] Russian: Тамбов, IPA: [tɐmˈbof]) is the largest city in and the administrative center (capital city) of Tambov Oblast, central Russia. It is at the confluence of the Tsna and Studenets Rivers. It is about 418 kilometers (260 mi) south-southeast of Moscow. Population: 280,161 (2010 Census);[11] 293,658 (2002 Census);[12] 304,600 (1989 Census).[13]

Origin of the name[change | change source]

The name "Tambov" comes from the Mokshan word[14][15](Moksha: томбале, romanized: tombale, lit.'the other side, the remote one').[16]

History[change | change source]

Tambov was founded on 17 April 1636. It was originally a border fortress against attacks by the Crimean Tatars. Later, it was demoted to a military outpost.

19th century[change | change source]

In November 1830 the citizens of Tambov attacked their governor. This was during the Cholera Riots. They were quickly stopped by the army. Tambov became a large cultural centre by the late 19th century. It had a growing number of schools, libraries, and other similar buildings. By 1897, its population was over 50,000 people.

20th century[change | change source]

1920s[change | change source]

From 1920-1921, the city's people started the Tambov Rebellion. This was during the Russian Civil War. It was a struggle between the citizens of Tambov and the Bolshevik Red Army. The people of Tambov created the Tambov Republic in 1921. It was quickly destroyed by the Red Army under the command of Mikhail Tukhachevsky.

1930s[change | change source]

Tambov Oblast was created on 27 September 1937 out of pieces of land from Voronezh and Kuybyshev (Samara) Oblasts. Tambov was made the capital city of Tambov Oblast.

Transportation[change | change source]

The city is a large industrial center. It has the Tambov Donskoye Airport. Tambov also has the Tambov air base of the Russian Air Force. A railway between Tambov and Moscow was first created in 1871.[17] The railroad goes on to Saratov and is not electrified. There are also small suburban trains, or "rail buses" that connect Tambov with other cities. These include Michurinsk, Uvarovo, and Kirsanov.

Climate[change | change source]

Tambov has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Climate data for Tambov (1991–2020, extremes 1845–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
8.5
(47.3)
18.4
(65.1)
29.7
(85.5)
36.1
(97.0)
38.8
(101.8)
41.1
(106.0)
41.0
(105.8)
35.2
(95.4)
26.5
(79.7)
16.7
(62.1)
11.9
(53.4)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.1
(35.8)
13.6
(56.5)
21.6
(70.9)
24.7
(76.5)
27.1
(80.8)
25.8
(78.4)
19.2
(66.6)
10.8
(51.4)
2.0
(35.6)
−2.9
(26.8)
11.3
(52.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
7.7
(45.9)
15.0
(59.0)
18.5
(65.3)
20.7
(69.3)
19.1
(66.4)
13.2
(55.8)
6.5
(43.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
−5.6
(21.9)
6.5
(43.7)
Average low °C (°F) −10.5
(13.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.5
(36.5)
8.7
(47.7)
12.5
(54.5)
14.6
(58.3)
12.9
(55.2)
8.2
(46.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
2.0
(35.6)
Record low °C (°F) −38
(−36)
−36.9
(−34.4)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−15.3
(4.5)
−4
(25)
0.5
(32.9)
3.9
(39.0)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.7
(25.3)
−14.7
(5.5)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−38
(−36)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.5)
32
(1.3)
29
(1.1)
29
(1.1)
43
(1.7)
66
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
43
(1.7)
44
(1.7)
47
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
39
(1.5)
503
(19.8)
Average rainy days 8 6 9 13 14 17 15 13 15 16 13 9 148
Average snowy days 24 21 15 4 0.4 0 0 0 0.2 4 15 23 107
Average relative humidity (%) 85 82 78 67 60 67 68 68 74 81 86 86 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 59 91 129 186 265 287 292 259 181 108 46 36 1,939
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[18]
Source 2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990)[19]

Culture[change | change source]

The city is home to two universities. These are Derzhavin Tambov State University[20] and Tambov State Technical University. The Tambov Art Gallery has a large collection of canvases by Russian and West-European artists. Russia's oldest drama theatre is in Tambov.

Sports[change | change source]

Tambov's professional association football team FC Tambov played in the Russian Premier League for 2 years. It was dissolved in 2021. A basketball team BK Tambov plays in Russian Superleague, 2nd Division. Its ice hockey team is HC Tambov. It plays in Supreme Hockey League, the second level of ice hockey in Russia.

Notable people[change | change source]

Twin towns and sister cities[change | change source]

Tambov is a sister city of:

References[change | change source]

  1. "Результат запроса". Archived from the original on 2021-07-27. Retrieved 2022-10-14.
  2. Доклад «О состоянии и использовании земель в Тамбовской области в 2011 году»[permanent dead link] Приложение 1. Распределение земель Тамбовской области по категориям в разрезе районов и городов (на 1 января 2012 года, га)), стр. 108. Данные на 1 января 2012 года.
  3. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  5. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  6. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. "Tambov". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2020-03-22.
  8. "Tambov". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  9. "Tambov". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  10. "Tambov". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  11. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  12. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  14. "Тамбов – о городе". Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
  15. Smolit︠s︡kai︠a︡, G. P. Toponimicheskiĭ slovarʹ T︠S︡entralʹnoĭ Rossii : geograficheskie nazvanii︠a︡. Moskva: Armada-Press. ISBN 5-309-00257-X.
  16. Vershinin V.I. Erzyan and Mokshan Languages Etymological Dictionary. Mari El Vasiliev Scientific Research Institute of Language, Literature and History, Yoshkar-Ola, 2004-2009
  17. "Жд вокзал Тамбов | Оригинал жд билета | Жд билеты | Международный аэропорт "Стригино" г. Нижний Новгород, РЖД билет, купить ж д билет, рейсы самолетов в нижний новгород, телефоны справочного бюро аэропорта стригино, заказ ж/д билетов, стоимость жд билетов, билеты на поезд, бронирование, авиарейсы - Аэропорт Нижний Новгород - Нижегородский аэропорт - сайт аэропорта нижний новгород стригино - МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ АЭРОПОРТ НИЖНИЙ НОВГОРОД". Nnov-airport.ru. Archived from the original on March 13, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  18. "Погода и Климат – Климат Тамбов" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  19. "Tambov Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  20. "ABOUT".
  21. Monuments of Tambov

Other websites[change | change source]