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Surgut

Coordinates: 61°15′N 73°26′E / 61.250°N 73.433°E / 61.250; 73.433
From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Surgut
Сургут
Clockwise, from top photo: City centre, Surgut Bridge, skyline in October, Surgut State University, "Old Surgut"
Flag of Surgut
Coat of arms of Surgut
Location of Surgut
Map
Surgut is located in Russia
Surgut
Surgut
Location of Surgut
Surgut is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Surgut
Surgut
Surgut (Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug)
Coordinates: 61°15′N 73°26′E / 61.250°N 73.433°E / 61.250; 73.433
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKhanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Founded1594
City status since1594-1923, June 25, 1965
Government
 • MayorAndrey Filatov
Area
 • Total353.97 km2 (136.67 sq mi)
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)[source?]
450,000
 • Subordinated tocity of okrug significance of Surgut[1]
 • Capital ofSurgutsky District[1], city of okrug significance of Surgut[1]
 • Urban okrugSurgut Urban Okrug[2]
 • Capital ofSurgut Urban Okrug[2], Surgutsky Municipal District[2]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[3])
Postal code(s)[4]
628400Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 3462
OKTMO ID71876000001
Twin townsZalaegerszeg, Katerini, Gomel, Tobolsk, Suzdal, Sochi, Sibay, Salavat, Pskov, Porvoo, Petrozavodsk, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Kalininsky District, Chaoyang, AlmetyevskEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.admsurgut.ru

Surgut (Russian: Сургу́т, IPA: [sʊrˈgut]; Khanty: Сәрханӆ, Sarkhanl) is the largest city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is on the Ob River near its junction with the Irtysh River. Population: 396,443[5] (2021 Census); 306,675 (2010 Census);[6] 285,027 (2002 Census);[7] 247,823 (1989 Census).[8]

History[change | change source]

The city was founded in 1594 by order of Tsar Feodor I. For many centuries it was a fortress and center of Russian development in Siberia.

It became a major center of oil and gas production in the 1960s. This made the population of the city go up.

Surgut is home to the Surgut Bridge. This bridge is the longest one-tower cable-stayed bridge in the world.

Economy[change | change source]

Surgut is the largest port on the Ob River. It is also the largest roadway/railway junction in northwest Siberia. It has two of the world's most powerful power plants, the SDPP-1 (State District Power Plant 1) and SDPP-2 (State District Power Plant 2). These power plants make over 7,200 megawatts and give the region cheap electricity.

Surgut is also important in the oil and natural gas industries.

Transportation[change | change source]

The city has the Surgut International Airport, which gives flights to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Dubai, Irkutsk, and many other cities.

Surgut also has many trains that go to the east (in Novy Urengoy, Nizhnevartovsk), and to the south-west (in Tyumen, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Ufa, Chelyabinsk, Yekaterinburg).

Climate[change | change source]

Surgut has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). It has long, cold winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Surgut
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
6.5
(43.7)
10.3
(50.5)
23.0
(73.4)
31.8
(89.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
30.3
(86.5)
27.4
(81.3)
20.7
(69.3)
8.2
(46.8)
2.5
(36.5)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−14.2
(6.4)
−4.8
(23.4)
1.6
(34.9)
10.6
(51.1)
18.9
(66.0)
22.4
(72.3)
18.2
(64.8)
10.8
(51.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−14.2
(6.4)
2.3
(36.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.0
(−4.0)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−9.3
(15.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
5.8
(42.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
14.4
(57.9)
7.4
(45.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
Average low °C (°F) −23.4
(−10.1)
−22
(−8)
−13.6
(7.5)
−7.1
(19.2)
1.7
(35.1)
10.1
(50.2)
14.0
(57.2)
10.8
(51.4)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−14.6
(5.7)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
Record low °C (°F) −54.2
(−65.6)
−55.2
(−67.4)
−48.7
(−55.7)
−39.7
(−39.5)
−22
(−8)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−46.9
(−52.4)
−55
(−67)
−55.2
(−67.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(1.0)
22
(0.9)
28
(1.1)
34
(1.3)
58
(2.3)
57
(2.2)
76
(3.0)
69
(2.7)
85
(3.3)
55
(2.2)
39
(1.5)
32
(1.3)
580
(22.8)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.1 1 6 12 14 12 15 15 12 3 1 91.4
Average snowy days 22 18 15 9 4 1 0 0 1 11 20 23 124
Average relative humidity (%) 81 79 75 69 65 65 67 76 79 84 84 82 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 31 95 147 218 252 261 311 217 136 70 46 23 1,807
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[9]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[10]

Coat of arms[change | change source]

The modern coat of arms of Surgut, featuring "in the golden field - a black fox with a silver tail end, walking along the azure land", was approved on November 20, 2003 by the city duma on November 4, 2003.

Twin towns – sister cities[change | change source]

Sign in Zalaegerszeg that points to Surgut

Surgut is twinned with:[11]

Notable people[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #43-oz
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #63-oz
  3. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  4. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  5. "Оценка численности постоянного населения по субъектам Российской Федерации". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  6. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  7. Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  8. Demoscope Weekly (1989). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved 9 Feb 2012.
  9. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Archived from the original on May 24, 2006. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  10. "Climate Normals for Surgut". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  11. "Партнеры Сургута". admsurgut.ru (in Russian). Surgut. Retrieved 2020-02-05.

Other websites[change | change source]