|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1930s 1940s 1950s – 1960s – 1970s 1980s 1990s|
|Years:||1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture|
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 1960s term also refers to an era more often called the Sixties. This was a set of cultural and political trends around the globe. This "cultural decade" is loosely defined as beginning around 1963 and ending around 1974.
The social revolution of the 1960s was part of a wider counterculture. Old ways were changed, new ways taken up. Typical was the introduction of the birth control pill, and its effect on sexual activity, widespread use of certain drugs and a general disrespect for traditional ways.
Pop art also started in the 1960s.
Events[change | change source]
- Decolonization of much of Africa
- 1961 - Yuri Gagarin is first human in the space during Soviet Vostok 1 mission.
- 1961 – Berlin Wall built.
- 1961 – Bay of Pigs invasion.
- 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis.
- 1963 – Assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22.
- 1965 – Indiainvades Pakistan on September 6.
- 1967 - Six-Day War.
- 1968 – Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia.
- 1969 – Under the Apollo 11 program Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans on the Moon.
- Unix created.
Significant people[change | change source]
- Stanley Kubrick, director
- Orson Welles, director
- The Rolling Stones, English rock band
- Muhammad Ali, boxer
- The Beatles, British rock band
- Fidel Castro, president of Cuba
- Che Guevara, Argentine marxist, revolutionary
- Sean Connery, actor
- Bob Dylan, singer, songwriter, artist
- Joan Baez, American Folk Singer
- Jimi Hendrix, rock singer
- Yuri Gagarin, astronaut
- Alfred Hitchcock, filmmaker
- Harold Macmillan, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Harold Wilson, Prime Minister of United Kingdom
- Pope John XXIII, Pope until 1963
- John F. Kennedy, President of the United States from 1961-1963
- Lyndon Johnson, President of the United States from 1963-1969
- Richard Nixon, President of the United States from 1969-1974
- Martin Luther King Jr., a leader in the American Civil Rights Movement
- Nikita Khruschev, Soviet leader
- Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet leader
- Pope Paul VI since 1963
- Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China
- Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China
- Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India
- Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India
- Ho Chi Minh, President of North Vietnam
- Charles de Gaulle, President of France
- Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor Germany
- Ludwig Erhard, Chancellor Germany
- Kurt Georg Kiesinger, Chancellor Germany
- Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel
- Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt
- Elvis Presley, American singer
- Mary Quant, fashion designer
- Lee Harvey Oswald, the assassin of John F. Kennedy
- James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King Jr.
- Thomas Hagan, assassin of Malcolm X